Morphology of Flowering Plants Important Questions and Answers

Top 50 most important Questions and Answers on Morphology of Flowering Plants. Morphology of Flowering Plants Important Questions and Answers with FREE PDF are the most important part of Medical Entrance Exams like NEET, AIIMS, JIPMER and other Board Exams.

1 Lack of which element has made some plants insectivorous:
(A) Iron
(B) Magnesium
(C) Nitrogen
(D) sodium

Answer: Nitrogen
2 Velamen absorbs moisture from :
(A) Air
(B) root
(C) Leaves
(D) Mineral salts

Answer: Air
3 Leaves are changed into spines in xerophytic structures called:
(A) Phyllode
(B) cladode
(C) phylloclade
(D) all the above

Answer: phylloclade
4 In guava ,cucurbits flowers are:
(A) hypogynous flower
(B) epigynous flower
(C) perigynous
(D) both (a) and (c)

Answer: epigynous flower
5 Seed coat is not thin, membranous in :
(A) coconut
(B) ground nut
(C) gram
(D) maize

Answer: coconut
6 What is the characteristic of haustorial roots of Cuscuta?
(A) Presence of both xylem and phloem
(B) Presence of only xylem
(C) Presence of phloem
(D) Absence of both xylem and phloem

Answer: Presence of both xylem and phloem
7 Which part of the flower is highly modified stem?
(A) Androecium
(B) thalamus
(C) gynoecium
(D) sepal

Answer: thalamus
8 Which plant lives in nitrogen deficient soil?
(A) Neottia
(B) mango
(C) wheat
(D) Drosera

Answer: algae
9 Angiosperms differ from gymnosperms in
(A) Having compound leaves
(B) being smaller in size
(C) being evergreen
(D) having ovules enclosed in the ovary

Answer: having ovules enclosed in the ovary
10 When ant part other than blade of leaf become flattened to perform function of leaf , it is :
(A) Cladode
(B) Phyllode
(C) staminode
(D) stipule

Answer: Phyllode
11 Botanical name of venus fly trap is
(A) Aldrovanda
(B) dionaea
(C) utricularia
(D) napanthus

12 Approximately diameter of Victoria leaf is
(A) 1m
(B) 1.3m
(C) 3m
(D) 2m

13 Black pepper is a
(A) Tree
(B) climber
(C) shrub
(D) herb

Answer: climber
14 The ovary is half inferior in flowers of
(A) Sunflower
(B) lemon
(C) mustard
(D) pea

Answer: mustard
15 Stipular tendril modification found in
(A) Smilax
(B) pea
(C) guava
(D) mimosa pudica

Answer: Smilax
16 Viscum is a
(A) Total stem parasite
(B) total root parasite
(C) partial stem parasite
(D) partial root parasite

Answer: partial stem parasite
17 Which of the following plants bear hygroscopic roots?
(A) Bryophyllum
(B) Cuscuta
(C) Vanda
(D) Rhizophora

Answer: Vanda
18 In which of thefollowing, the plants are all roots?
(A) Podostemon
(B) Lemna
(C) Wolffia
(D) Utricularia

19 The region of root hair in a root lies just behind:
(A) Region of maturation
(B) region of elongation
(C) meristematic region
(D) region of root cap

Answer: region of elongation
20 In one of the following the stem performs the function of storage and perennation:
(A) Ginger
(B) wheat
(C) radish
(D) ground nut

Answer: Ginger
21 In potato food is stored in
(A) Stem
(B) root
(C) petiole
(D) leaves

Answer: petiole
22 If leaf base is swollen , it is called as
(A) Epipodium
(B) stylopodium
(C) pulvinus
(D) pinnule

Answer: pinnule
23 Mint plant produces
(A) Rhizome
(B) offset
(C) stolon
(D) sucker

Answer: offset
24 The spice clove is dried
(A) Flower
(B) flower bud
(C) fruit
(D) seed

Answer: fruit
25 Spot out the stranger
(A) Radish
(B) carrot
(C) brinjal
(D) turnip

Answer: brinjal
26 Succulents are likely to be found in
(A) Tropical rain forest
(B) deciduous forest
(C) desert
(D) tundra

Answer:deciduous forest
27 The family cruciferae is also known as
(A) Tetradynaceae
(B) brassicaeae
(C) raphanaceae
(D) siliquaceae

Answer: brassicaeae
28 In compositae the placentation is
(A) Basal
(B) marginal
(C) free central
(D) axile

Answer: Basal
29 Mimosa belongs to the family
(A) Mimosodae
(B) rosaceae
(C) malvaceae
(D) cruciferae

Answer: Mimosodae
30 Perianth is reduced to lodicules in the family
(A) Lilliaceae
(B) graminae
(C) compositae
(D) Malvaceae

Answer: graminae
31 The inflorescence in compositae is
(A) Umbel
(B) spike
(C) capitulum
(D) catkin

32 Triticumaestivumis
(A) Diploid
(B) triploid
(C) haploid
(D) hexaploid

Answer: (i), (ii) and (iv)
33 In which of the following families calyx is modified into pappus
(A) Cruciferae
(B) leguminoceae
(C) compositae
(D) solanaceae

Answer: compositae
34 Papilionaceous corolla is found in
(A) Pisumsativum
(B) mimosa pudica
(C) delonix
(D) brassica

35 Climbing roots occur in
(A) Vanilla
(B) vanda
(C) pongamia
(D) taeniophylum

Answer: vanda
36 The morphological nature of the edible part of a coconut is
(A) Cotyledon
(B) Perisperm
(C) Pericarp
(D) Endosperm

Answer: Endosperm
37 ———— are the non-essential parts of a flower
(A) Androecium and gynoecium
(B) Sepals and carpels
(C) Sepals and petals
(D) Sepals and gynoecium

Answer: Sepals and petals
38 Four long and two short stamens are found in
(A) Asteraceae
(B) Brassicaceae
(C) Liliaceae
(D) Solanaceae

39 A fruit developed from a condensed inflorescence is
(A) Composite fruit
(B) Simple fruit
(C) Aggregate fruit
(D) Etaerio

Answer: Composite fruit
40 Radial symmetry is found in the flowers of
(A) Cassia
(B) Pisum
(C) Trifolium
(D) Brassica

Answer: Brassica
41 Pericarp and placentae are edible part of simple fleshy berry fruit is:
(A) Tomato
(B) date palm
(C) jack fruit
(D) banana

42 Which of the following are the characteristic features of solanaceae?
(A) Exstipulate leaves
(B) persistent calyx
(C) racemose inflorescence
(D) both (a) and (b)

Answer: both (a) and (b)
43 Leaf lamina is reduced in:
(A) Hydrophytes
(B) mesophytes
(C) xerophytes
(D) epiphytes

Answer: xerophytes
44 Grasses are examples of the following typeof stem:
(A) Suckers
(B) runners
(C) stolons
(D) rhizomes

Answer: runners
45 The leaves of dicotyledonous plants are mostly
(A) Hypostomatic
(B) epistomatic
(C) astomatic
(D) ampistomatic

Answer: Hypostomatic
46 Parallel multicostate venation is found in
(A) Plum
(B) palm
(C) castor
(D) cucurbita

Answer: palm
47 The tendrils in smilax are the modification of
(A) Leaf
(B) stem
(C) stipules
(D) leaflet

Answer: stipules
48 The vegetable cabbage is a
(A) Modified stem
(B) inflorescence
(C) rhizome
(D) bud

Answer:Modified stem
49 The edible portion in radish is
(A) Fleshy stem
(B) fleshy root
(C) tuber
(D) corm

Answer: fleshy root
50 The flower is modified
(A) Shoot
(B) branch
(C) leaf let
(D) stipule

Answer: Shoot

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