What is a constitution? All You Need About A constitution

We all follow various rule and regulations in daily life which are most important to give us a direction to living our life properly. Similarly we also follow some rules which are made by provides and exercise by government. The rules which are exercise government or the citizens of a nation are gathered in written form in one or several books. Basically these books where the rules of a nation are written are called constitution. Broadly we can say that constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation or other type of entity and commonly determine how that entity is to be governed.

Why we need a Constitution?

As we read, we need a crystal clear rule to govern our daily life as well a nation. To simplify the rules we need a unique written source where the rules are stay protected. The Constitution not only designed a government but also placed limits on it to prevent arbitrary rule. Particularly through its amendments, the Constitution guarantees every American fundamental rights and protection of life, liberty, and property.

What are the reason that we should have a constitution?

Just imagine you start you’re a day without any goal, rules and regulation and after that day you realize that you have lost your day due to lake of control in your emotions. It could be happens just to don’t obey any rules which are simplify as well as magnify or boast your productivity. Like this a nation has a lots of goals (zero poverty, development, best education, best health facility etc.) which have to complete in a particular time period. To achieve these goals or targets a nation have to follow some rules and regulation. From the constitutional point of view we are going to see some reason why should we really have a constitution.

1. Basic rules: As we mentioned previously a country should have the basic rules on which the democracy functions. These basic rules guides in functioning of a democracy.

2. Fundamental Rights: We all the citizens have some fundamental rights which can’t be snatch anyone from us. To protect these rights of citizens a nation should have a constitution.

3. Fundamental Duties: Similarly with the enjoying of fundamental rights, we also have to serve some fundamental duties. These duties are mentioned in the constitution.

4. Directive Principles: It contains the directives to the government to make law determines the territory of state and country- the constitution limits the territory of the whole country and the states.

5. Citizenship: It determines the various provisions for gaining and losing citizenship of the country.

What various functions does a constitution perform?

A constitution performs several functions which are mention below-

(i) A constitution generates a decree of trust and coordination that is necessary for different kind of people to live together.

(ii) A constitution species how the government will be constituted, who will have power to take which decisions.

(iii) A constitution lays down limits on the powers of the government and tells us what the rights of the citizens are.

(iv) A constitution expresses the aspirations of the people about creating a good society.

What are the various type of Constitutions?

These are various types of constitution we often seen. According to the various structure a constitution can be a Written or Unwritten Constitutions, Codified or Uncodified Constitutions, Flexible or Inflexible Constitutions, Monarchy or Republican Constitutions, Presidential or Parliamentary Constitutions, Federal or Unitary Constitutions, Political or Legal Types of Constitution. Let us discuss about all of these.

Written and Unwritten Constitutions

Based on the document format a constitution can be a written or unwritten. Written constitution is a type of document or documents created in the form of laws. Written constitutions are usually very precise and systematic. Unlike, the unwritten constitution is a legal body where the principles have never been enacted as laws. It consists of various customs, principles or traditions of a country. It does not have a specific date of creation and is not clear or precise in any way.

Codified and Uncodified Constitutions

These terms codified and uncodified constitutions are much similar with written and unwritten constitution. The codified constitution is a set of laws created at a specific period of time. At the same time, uncodified constitution type is based on customs and traditions. Nevertheless, there are no completely codified and uncodified constitutions.

Flexible and Inflexible Constitutions

The Flexible and Inflexible Constitutions generally refer to how easy you can change some clauses of the constitution. Codified constitutions have a strict set of rules for when it comes to constitution changes. One of the examples of inflexible constitutions is the USA constitution. The specificity of this constitution makes it very inflexible for changes. At the same time, the British Constitution has constantly been changing since the 13th century.

Monarchy and Republican Constitutions

The Monarchy Constitution is one of the various types of constitution that provides no head of the state power to citizens of a country unless they are related to a monarch. This type of constitution may proclaim an endless political power to a monarch or limit his/her political power. The Republican Constitution is the most popular constitution today. It proclaims rights and freedoms for all citizens. At the same time, it provides the ability to choose political leaders or be chosen as a political leader.

Presidential and Parliamentary Constitutions

Presidential and Parliamentary constitutions depends on how a government operates. The presidential constitution places power in the hands of a president. The parliamentary constitution gives power to a parliament. The presidential constitution usually dictates that the head of the state and the head of the executive branch is a president. He/she is not a part of any political party. On the contrary, the parliamentary constitution dictates that the head of the state can be a prime minister.

Federal and Unitary Constitutions

Constitutions can also be divided into unitary and federal types. The federal constitution provides the ability to create the governments at the state level. These governments can also have their constitutions. Nevertheless, these should be connected and controlled by the central government. The Unitary Constitution does not accept any governmental power beyond the central government. Still, it can also provide the devolution of power to parts of a country on the local level.

Political and Legal Types of Constitution

The political constitution is connected with people who hold the political power in a country. The political constitution is based on the concept of majoritarianism. It means that the elected majority can enact laws that will affect the electorate. The political constitution is flexible and changeable. Legal type of constitution is heavily scripted. One of the main proclamation of this Constitution is the Supreme Court.