The animal food chain is the web of interactions among the plants and animals on our planet. When we talk about the food chain, we are talking about what and who eats what. This includes bottom feeders.
The sun is the center of the food chain. Plants are converted to producers, which are producers of energy for all animals and many fungi. Plants make their own food through a process known as photosynthesis. During photosynthesis, plants absorb the sun’s energy and carbon dioxide from the air. They combine these two elements to produce glucose during the process of photosynthesis. The final product of photosynthesis is oxygen. Plants are eaten by herbivores and carnivores. Some plants, like corn, can be digested by both types of animals. Omnivores like pigs and bears can eat plants and animals. Carnivores, like lions and tigers, only eat meat.
There are at least three main types of food chains: aquatic, forest, and desert food chains. These chains can be made up of producers and consumers. Producers are known as autotrophs because they make their own food. Autotrophs are usually plants. They produce energy by using sunlight and carbon dioxide from carbonic acid to produce simple sugars and starches. Consumers that are herbivores can only eat plants. Carnivores have to eat other animals to survive. Some carnivores also eat plant material, but this is uncommon.
Animals are the consumers of the food chain. They eat other plants and animals. Some animals only eat plants. Among this group of herbivores are rabbits, mice and cows. For thousands of years, humans have been eating plants. We have set up plant foraging gardens for the sole purpose of growing food for our own consumption. Animals that ate plants domesticated themselves without any help from humans; plant eating animals provide us with raw materials for food every day.
Animals eat plants for their health and nutrition, as well as to obtain nutrients other animals cannot obtain by eating plants. Furthermore, animals aid others by giving them food when they cannot produce it themselves, cleaning up waste from others, preventing illness, cleaning up dead animals, helping with habitat, providing companies with income (grazing animals) and providing things such as protection as a natural disaster disrupt their hunting grounds.