Deficiency in which of the following hormone causes dwarfism in the plant?
B. Abscisic acid
What is Abscisic Acid?
Abscisic Acid (ABA) is a plant hormone that functions in many developmental processes, including seed and bud dormancy, the control of organ size and stomatal closure. ABA has been shown to control the differentiation of several cell types in plants, such as root cells and stem cells.
What is the function of Abscisic Acid?
Abscisic acid (ABA) plays an important role in seed development and maturation, plant growth and development, and response to the environment. It has been shown to be involved in water stress-related responses such as stomatal closure and programmed cell death (PCD). Abscisic acid (ABA) is a sesquiterpene phytohormone that does not accumulate significantly until after the middle of the seed maturation process.
What are Gibberellins?
Gibberellins are plant hormones that regulate various developmental processes, including stem elongation, germination, dormancy, flowering, flower development, and leaf and fruit senescence. GAs are one of the longest-known classes of plant hormone.
What are the functions of Gibberellins?
Gibberellins are the most important plant growth regulators. These hormones function by increasing the rate of various developmental processes, hence they are called “Growth promoting substances”. Gibberellins act by stimulating cell elongation of different plant organs, especially stems. They also cause broadening of epidermal cells (leaf cells). Gibberellins enhance the development of fruit and induce the formation of seeds.
What is Ethylene?
Ethylene is a natural plant hormone that basically stimulates the growth and senescence. Ethylene is a colorless flammable gas with a faint “sweet and musky” odor when pure. Ethylene is the simplest alkene. Ethylene is widely used in the chemical industry, and its worldwide production exceeds that of any other organic compound.
What is the function of Ethylene?
Ethylene is a hormone that promotes growth and senescence processes depending on its concentration, timing of application, and the plant species.
What is Brassinosteroid?
Brassinosteroids (BRs) are a class of polyhydroxysteroids that have been recognized as a sixth class of plant hormones and may have utility as anticancer drugs for endocrine-responsive cancers to induce apoptosis and inhibit growth.
Plant Growth and Development MCQs and Answers –Set-1
1. Which plant hormone helps in breaking the dormancy of plant?
2. Which hormone is formed in leaves and helps in the blooming of the flowers?
3. Which plant hormone is formed in injured cells by which the injury of plant is healed?
4. Which of the following hormone help in the cell division and development in the presence of auxins?
5. Name the plant hormone which increases the activity of cambium in the wooden plants?
6. Growth regulators, which control plant growth and development are called___________
7. Growth in plants is mainly driven by turgor pressure.
8. Which of the following is NOT a plant hormone?
9. Name the plant in which auxin was first discovered?
10. Which of the following is NOT a naturally occurring auxin?
Plant Growth and Development NEET MCQ –Set-2
1. Uneven distribution of auxins may lead to
2. Tendrils of garden peas coiling around any support signifies:
3. ____________ tissues synthesize natural cytokinins
4. ________ is a plant hormone generally present in the gaseous state
5. _________ is a colourless gas that serves as a signalling hormone.
6. Which plant hormone is responsible for saving the crops from falling.
7. Which of the following hormone is found in gaseous form?
8. Name the plant hormone which is responsible for the ripening of fruits?
9. Which plant hormone is helpful in making RNA and protein?
10. Which of the following statement is incorrect?
Important Questions on Plant Growth and Development –Set-3
1. The term auxin was coined by
2. Precursor of Indole acetic acid (natural auxin) is
3. All the following hormones are growth inhibitors except
4. Which of the following is a gaseous hormone
5. Which of the following bioassays are used to detect the presence of auxin
6. Coconut milk contains a cytokinin called ____ which promotes plant growth.
7. One of the following is not an auxin
8. _________can stimulate the germination of barley seeds
9. Seed dormancy is triggered by
10. The significance of the day length in plants was first shown in:
Plant Growth and Development NEET Questions –Set-4
1. A seed which is just waiting for favourable environmental condition to germinate is called
2. Richmond – Lang effect is
3. 2,4-D is used as
4. The type of germination in which cotyledons come above the ground is called as
5. In most of monocot plants, germination is
6. The phase of growth which is the first phase and represents lag phase of growth curve is
7. The lateral meristem in plant is responsible for
8. Plant growth can be measured by
9. Auxins were first isolated form the plants by
10. Apical dominance is due to
Plant Growth and Development Short Questions for NEET –Set-5
1. Identify the true statement/statements regarding growth and development in organisms.
2. Vernalization treatment can convert
3. Scarification is a method of overcoming dormancy in seeds which
4. Identify the precursor substance used in the biosynthesis of gibberellins in plants.
5. Seeds in which germination is stimulated by light are called
6. The chemical substances like phenolics, caumarins, ferulic acid are
7. The seeds which can not germinate in absence of light is called
8. Germination inhibitors leached out by one plant may inhibit germination of seeds of other plants is called as
9. The dormancy of seed is due to mechanical resistance of seed coat in
10. Which of the following growth harmones in plant is influenced by light?
Plant Growth and Development Class 11 questions and answers –Set-6
1. Name the amino acid which acts as a precursor of auxin biosynthesis?
2. Mark the one, which is NOT a physiological effect of auxin?
3. Name the site of Gibberellins synthesis
4. Gibberellin that is synthesized in the shoot transported to different parts of the plant by which medium?
5. What is bolting?
6. Which of the following plant hormone is responsible for seed germination?
7. Name the first naturally occurring cytokines.
8. Which of the following plant hormone causes a delay in leaf senescence?
9. Name the stress hormone of the plant.
10. Deficiency in which of the following hormone causes dwarfism in the plant?
Plant Growth and Development objective questions and Answers –Set-7
1. Who classified the plants into different categories on the basis of photoperiodic responses
2. The plant which needs light period shorter than critical period is called
3. Vernalization is also called as
4. The harmone which stimulates the flowering in vernalized plant is
5. Vernalization is
6. Epigeal germination is found in
7. Which of the following substance acts as natural germination inhibitor?
8. The part of seed which emerges out first during germination is
9. Indefinite growth of plants is due to presence of
10. In which of the following, rate of growth gradually slows down and comes to steady stage?