Bill To Establish Permanent Benches In State Capitals

Senior Congress leader Shashi Tharoor moved a private member’s Bill in the Lok Sabha seeking to establish permanent Benches of High Courts in State capitals.

In Kerala, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Goa, Uttarakhand, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Chhattisgarh, the State High Court is situated outside the capital city.

The private member’s Bill was moved in the Lok Sabha after a gap of nearly two years.

“Establishment of permanent benches of high courts at state capitals Bill” had been pending since 2019.

As many as 153 private members’ Bills were introduced in the Lok Sabha on Friday, including one that sought compulsory teaching of the Bhagavad Gita in educational institutions.

What is Private member’s Bill?

Private member’s bills, also known as private bills are legislations introduced in the parliament or state legislature involving the private interests of an individual, a corporation or a complete locality.

Private Members’ bills are public bills introduced by MPs and Lords who are not government ministers. As with other public bills their purpose is to change the law as it applies to the general population.

Difference between Private Vs Public Bills

Public BillPrivate Bill
1. It is introduced in the parliament by a minister.1. It can be introduced by any member of the parliament other than a minister.
2. It reflects the policies of the government (ruling party).2. It reflects the mood of the political party on the public matter.
3. It has a greater chance to be passed by parliament.3. It is less likely to be passed by the parliament.
4. Its rejection in the lower house of the parliament may lead to the resignation of the while cabinet.4. Its rejection by the house has no implication on the parliamentary confidence of the ruling party.
5. Its introduction in the house requires 7 days notice.5. Its introduction in the house requires one month.
6. It is drafted by the concerned department in consultation with the law department.6. Its drafting is the responsibility of the members concerned.