Consider the following statements with reference to the private members’ Bills?

Consider the following statements with reference to the private members’ Bills?

1. It can be introduced by any member of the parliament other than a minister.

2. It reflects the mood of the political party on the public matter.

3. It is less likely to be passed by the parliament.

Which of the above statement/s is/are true?

A. 1 Only

B. 2 Only

C. 1 and 2 Only

D. 1, 2 & 3

Answer: D

Explanation:

What is Private Member’s Bill?

A member of parliament (MP) who is not a minister is a private member. The Bills introduced by private members are referred to as Private Member’s Bills. The Bills introduced by ministers are called government Bills. The government bills have the backing of the government and reflect its legislative agenda. Whether the Private Bill has to be admitted or not is decided by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha or Chairperson of the Rajya Sabha.

Features of the Private Member’s Bills are:

1. It can be introduced by any member of the parliament other than a minister.

2. It reflects the mood of the political party on the public matter.

3. It is less likely to be passed by the parliament.

4. Its rejection by the house has no implication on the parliamentary confidence of the ruling party.

5. Its introduction in the house requires one month.

6. Its drafting is the responsibility of the members concerned.

What is the procedure of Private Member’s Bills?

The Private Member’s Bills are either drafted by the member of parliament (MP) or his staff. The MP who wants to move a Private Member’s Bill has to give at least a month’s notice, for the House Secretariat to examine it for compliance with constitutional provisions and rules on legislation. While a government Bill can be introduced and discussed on any day, a private member’s bill is only introduced and discussed on Fridays.

Has any Private Member’s Bill ever become a law before 2021?

No Private Member’s Bill has been passed by the Parliament since 1970, according to PRS Legislative Research. So far, the Parliament has passed 14 such Bills, six of them in 1956. The 16th Lok Sabha (2014-19) witnessed the highest number of Private Member Bills introduced (999) since 2000. As many as 142 members have introduced Bills in the 16th Lok Sabha, of which 34 members have introduced 10 or more Bills.

What are the Difference between Government bills and Private Member’s Bills?

Government billsPrivate Member’s Bills
1. It is introduced in the parliament by a minister.1. It can be introduced by any member of the parliament other than a minister.
2. It reflects the policies of the government (ruling party).2. It reflects the mood of the political party on the public matter.
3. It has a greater chance to be passed by parliament.3. It is less likely to be passed by the parliament.