Difference between Government bills and Private Member’s Bills – UPSC

In the Indian Parliament, there are two types of bills: Government bills and Private Member’s Bill. There may seem to be only minor differences between these two types of bills. But there are differences between government bills and private member’s bills that make each bill special in its own way.

Difference between Government bills and Private Member’s Bills

Government billsPrivate Member’s Bills
1. It is introduced in the parliament by a minister.1. It can be introduced by any member of the parliament other than a minister.
2. It reflects the policies of the government (ruling party).2. It reflects the mood of the political party on the public matter.
3. It has a greater chance to be passed by parliament.3. It is less likely to be passed by the parliament.
4. Its rejection in the lower house of the parliament may lead to the resignation of the while cabinet.4. Its rejection by the house has no implication on the parliamentary confidence of the ruling party.
5. Its introduction in the house requires 7 days notice.5. Its introduction in the house requires one month.
6. It is drafted by the concerned department in consultation with the law department.6. Its drafting is the responsibility of the members concerned.

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