What are Arts, Culture and Heritage? Why to study Art and Culture?

What are Arts, Culture and Heritage?

What is Arts?

Arts is a creative way to express your feelings without saying a word. It also defines an umbrella term for various creative activities. These activities are classified according by the art forms they represent like literature, music, performing arts, visual arts and others. Every arts has its own story with a meaning in itself. The history of any art form tells us something very important in the development of human civilization.

What is Culture?

Culture is simply all of these things that society has passed down to us over the ages, like language, art and religion. Culture was among the first human inventions; it’s integral to everything we do. Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving.

Culture plays an important role in the development of any nation. It represents a set of shared attitudes, values, goals and practices. Culture and creativity manifest themselves in almost all economic, social and other activities. A country as diverse as India is symbolized by the plurality of its culture.

India has one of the world’s largest collections of songs, music, dance, theatre, folk traditions, performing arts, rites and rituals, paintings and writings that are known, as the ‘Intangible Cultural Heritage’ (ICH) of humanity. In order to preserve these elements, the Ministry of Culture implements a number of schemes and programmes aimed at providing financial support to individuals, groups and cultural organizations engaged in performing, visual and literary arts etc.

What is Heritage?

Heritage is something we value and hold in high regard. Heritage refers to objects of special value. An antique may be considered a treasure, while an artist’s original painting may be deemed as an example of outstanding craftsmanship that must be preserved for posterity. Heritage refers to valued property such as historic buildings, artwork, books and manuscripts and other artefacts that have been passed down from previous generations. They are of special value and are worthy of preservation.

What Are the difference between Art and Culture?

ArtCulture
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory, or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author’s imaginative, conceptual ideas, or technical skill.Culture is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behaviour and norms found in human societies, as well as the knowledge, beliefs, laws, customs, capabilities, and habits of the individuals in these groups
Humans learn art by emulating their peers or learning by themselvesHumans acquire culture through the learning processes of enculturation and socialization, which is shown by the diversity of cultures across societies
Art is intended to be a form of appreciation of beauty and expression of emotional power.Culture serves as a guideline for behaviour, dress, language, and demeanour in a situation, which serves as a template for expectations in a social group. 
Art can be  expressed through a variety of mediums including paintings, sculpture, weaving etcAlong with art, culture can be exhibited and expressed through behaviour, clothes, traditions, and festivals
Art as a form of expression has always existed since pre-historic times in the form of cave-paintings and rock paintingsThe modern term “culture” can be traced back to the term used by the Ancient Roman orator Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) in his Tusculanae Disputationes, where he wrote of cultivation of the soul or “cultura animi”
Paintings such as Mona Lisa by Leonardo Da Vinci can be termed as examples of art.Appreciation of Opera, hospitality norms in different nations are some of the many examples of culture

Why to study Art and Culture?

The best reason to study art and culture is because the world is constantly changing, we need to adapt to the change. The complexity of our world in this 21st century requires an education that can prepare us how to live, work, and succeed in it. Here we are going some major points that reflects why we should know about Art and Culture.

(1) Learning the arts and culture subjects offers unique chances for children to understand the various subjects in general. These subjects offer constructive learning, as well as help children to enrich their skills and learn how to present them on various platforms.

(2) Arts and culture aid to foster positive attitudes in learning centers and beyond. Arts bring different people together, and culture helps to appreciate each other with their diversity. They bring about understanding.

(3) Lessons acquired from these subjects can be applied in learning positive behaviors and lifestyles that need consistency. Making improvements and progressing in life needs time. Students get a good lesson when learning about arts and culture that requires flexibility and patience to achieve positive results.

(4) Arts promote an advanced level of thinking that can be applied in other academic disciplines and beyond. Learners employ the skills acquired in arts to perceive, interpret, and form different perspectives to examine and synthesize information. It is helpful because, with the current technology, learners are disposed to a lot of data that requires scrutiny. It helps them to find pertinent facts needed for their research projects.

(5) Arts and culture provide a background for learning about diverse ancient stages that help us to understand our own history better. Representations and designs help to learn about scientific values and interacting with different people enrich culture.

(6) Individuals learn about magnificence and proportion. The subjects also offer the chance to inspect conflicts, sentiments, and look at life differently. The power of arts and culture is the tool that gives serenity and joy. They assist us to comprehend tragedy and uphold empathy. In essence, art and culture make the world alive.

(7) Participating in arts and learning about culture increases the leadership ability. Learners attain skills in different areas such as making choices; tactic building, thinking, and forecasting that are vital skills for leadership and leading a positive life. Culture helps learners to develop a great sense of identity that allows them to make use of the acquired skills effectively. Students build confidence and understand that they can affect the globe in many meaningful avenues.

(8) Art-making engages students and makes them active members of society. It allows them to work together for the common good. When students work together to develop an artistic project, they learn about teamwork.

(9) Arts and culture allow learners to stay together in harmony, making schools safer, and creating excellent environments for learning. These are some of the benefits of integrating arts and culture in school. The paybacks are immense for both individual learners and the community at large.

(10) Through learning about the culture, students can appreciate everyone and work together for common goals. The study also helps to do away with myths about different cultures that are not true. Learners need a sense of belonging, and culture provides it.

Impact of Art on Politics, Culture, and People

Art is very important in the society because it is an essential ingredient to empowering the hearts of people

When activists are showing images of children suffering from poverty or oppression in their campaigns, this is the art pulling the heartstrings of society’s elite and powerful to make changes.

Similarly, when photographers publish the photos of war-torn areas, it catches the attention of masses whose hearts reach out for those who need help.

When an artist creates great music and movies, it entertains people around the world. This is art, making a difference in society.

A very modern example of art in action is street art. When the famous Italian street artist Blu created the mural in Kreuzberg, it sparked a lot of strong, different reactions that were rooted deeply into the differences between East and West Berlin.

Why is Art so Powerful?

Perhaps the simplest answer to this question is that art touches us emotionally.

Art is powerful because it can potentially influence our culture, politics, and even the economy. When we see a powerful work of art, you feel it touching deep within your core, giving us the power to make real-life changes.

In the words of Leo Tolstoy:

“The activity of art is based on the capacity of people to infect others with their own emotions and to be infected by the emotions of others. Strong emotions, weak emotions, important emotions or irrelevant emotions, good emotions or bad emotions – if they contaminate the reader, the spectator, or the listener – it attains the function of art.”

In sum, art can be considered powerful because of the following reasons, among others:

  1. It has the power to educate people about almost anything. It can create awareness and present information in a way that could be absorbed by many easily. In a world where there are those who don’t even have access to good education; art makes education an even greater equalizer of society.
  2. It promotes cultural appreciation among a generation that’s currently preoccupied with their technology. In fact, it can be said that if it weren’t for art, our history, culture, and traditions would be in more danger of being forgotten than they already are.
  3. It breaks cultural, social, and economic barriers. While art can’t really solve poverty or promote social justice on its own, it can be used as a leveled playing field for discourse and expression. The reason why everyone can relate to art is that everyone has emotions and personal experiences. Therefore, anyone can learn to appreciate art regardless of their social background, economic standing, or political affiliation.
  4. It accesses higher orders of thinking. Art doesn’t just make you absorb information. Rather, it makes you think about current ideas and inspire you to make your own. This is why creativity is a form of intelligence – it is a special ability that unlocks the potentials of the human mind. In fact, studies have shown that exposure to art can make you better in other fields of knowledge.

Why is art Important to Human Society?

Art influences society by changing opinions, instilling values and translating experiences across space and time. Research has shown art affects the fundamental sense of self.

Painting, sculpture, music, literature and the other arts are often considered to be the repository of a society’s collective memory. Art preserves what fact-based historical records cannot: how it felt to exist in a particular place at a particular time.

Art in this sense is communication; it allows people from different cultures and different times to communicate with each other via images, sounds and stories. Art is often a vehicle for social change. It can give voice to the politically or socially disenfranchised. A song, film or novel can rouse emotions in those who encounter it, inspiring them to rally for change.

Researchers have long been interested in the relationship between art and the human brain. For example, in 2013, researchers from Newcastle University found that viewing contemporary visual art had positive effects on the personal lives of nursing home-bound elders.

Art also has utilitarian influences on society. There is a demonstrable, positive correlation between schoolchildren’s grades in math and literacy, and their involvement with drama or music activities.

As the National Art Education Association points out, art is beneficial for the artist as an outlet for work. Art not only fosters the human need for self-expression and fulfillment; it is also economically viable. The creation, management and distribution of art employs many.

What are the Purposes of Art?

Art serves many different purposes, but all of them fall into one of two categories: non-motivated and motivated. It is easy to tell which category a purpose of art falls into because non-motivated purposes of Art do not require the artist to have a reason for creating their work. Motivated purposes of Art do require an artist to have a reason for making their work.

Non-motivated functions

The non-motivated purposes of art are those that are integral to being human, transcend the individual, or do not fulfill a specific external purpose. In this sense, Art, as creativity, is something humans must do by their very nature (i.e., no other species creates art), and is therefore beyond utility.

Basic human instinct for harmony, balance, rhythm: Art at this level is not an action or an object, but an internal appreciation of balance and harmony (beauty), and therefore an aspect of being human beyond utility.

Experience of the mysterious: Art provides a way to experience one’s self in relation to the universe. This experience may often come unmotivated, as one appreciates art, music or poetry.

Expression of the imagination: Art provides a means to express the imagination in non-grammatic ways that are not tied to the formality of spoken or written language. Unlike words, which come in sequences and each of which have a definite meaning, art provides a range of forms, symbols and ideas with meanings that are malleable.

Ritualistic and symbolic functions: In many cultures, art is used in rituals, performances and dances as a decoration or symbol. While these often have no specific utilitarian (motivated) purpose, anthropologists know that they often serve a purpose at the level of meaning within a particular culture. This meaning is not furnished by any one individual, but is often the result of many generations of change, and of a cosmological relationship within the culture.

Motivated functions

Motivated purposes of art refer to intentional, conscious actions on the part of the artists or creator. These may be to bring about political change, to comment on an aspect of society, to convey a specific emotion or mood, to address personal psychology, to illustrate another discipline, to (with commercial arts) sell a product, or simply as a form of communication.

Communication: Art, at its simplest, is a form of communication. As most forms of communication have an intent or goal directed toward another individual, this is a motivated purpose. Illustrative arts, such as scientific illustration, are a form of art as communication. Maps are another example. However, the content need not be scientific. Emotions, moods and feelings are also communicated through art.

Art as entertainment: Art may seek to bring about a particular emotion or mood, for the purpose of relaxing or entertaining the viewer. This is often the function of the art industries of Motion Pictures and Video Games.

Art for political change: One of the defining functions of early 20th-century art has been to use visual images to bring about political change. Art movements that had this goal—Dadaism, Surrealism, Russian constructivism, and Abstract Expressionism, among others—are collectively referred to as the avant-garde arts.

Art as a “free zone”, removed from the action of the social censure. Unlike the avant-garde movements, which wanted to erase cultural differences in order to produce new universal values, contemporary art has enhanced its tolerance towards cultural differences as well as its critical and liberating functions (social inquiry, activism, subversion, deconstruction …), becoming a more open place for research and experimentation.

Art for social inquiry, subversion or anarchy. While similar to art for political change, subversive or deconstructivist art may seek to question aspects of society without any specific political goal. In this case, the function of art may be simply to criticize some aspect of society.

Art for social causes: Art can be used to raise awareness for a large variety of causes. A number of art activities were aimed at raising awareness of autism, cancer, human trafficking, and a variety of other topics, such as ocean conservation, human rights in Darfur, murdered and missing Aboriginal women, elder abuse, and pollution. Trashion, using trash to make fashion, practiced by artists such as Marina DeBris is one example of using art to raise awareness about pollution.

Art for psychological and healing purposes: Art is also used by art therapists, psychotherapists and clinical psychologists as art therapy. The Diagnostic Drawing Series, for example, is used to determine the personality and emotional functioning of a patient. The end product is not the principal goal in this case, but rather a process of healing, through creative acts, is sought.

Art for propaganda, or commercialism: Art is often utilized as a form of propaganda, and thus can be used to subtly influence popular conceptions or mood. In a similar way, art that tries to sell a product also influences mood and emotion. In both cases, the purpose of art here is to subtly manipulate the viewer into a particular emotional or psychological response toward a particular idea or object.

Art as a fitness indicator: It has been argued that the ability of the human brain by far exceeds what was needed for survival in the ancestral environment. One evolutionary psychology explanation for this is that the human brain and associated traits are the human equivalent of the peacock’s tail. The purpose of the male peacock’s extravagant tail has been argued to be to attract females. According to this theory superior execution of art was evolutionarily important because it attracted mates.

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