At a national conference on religious affairs, held from December 3 to 4, Chinese President Xi Jinping stressed on sinicization of religions in China and wished to fully implement the Communist Party of China’s (CPC) theory on religious affairs.
Xi emphasised the importance of “upholding the principle of developing religions in the Chinese context, and providing active guidance for the adaptation of religions to socialist society,”
Xi talked about fully implementing the policies of the Chinese government on religious affairs and freedom of religious beliefs.
Sinicization means aligning religious beliefs and faiths, of any religion, to China’s culture, religious and political ideology, and religious rules.
Sinicization means transforming religious beliefs, faith, practice, rituals in accordance with Chinese culture and society.
Sinicization is both political and religious. Xi doesn’t just expect citizens of all religions to adapt to sinicization but also wants the leaders of the country to embrace socialism and adhere to the state’s religious stand.
China’s religious demography
According to a white paper released in 2018 by the Chinese government, major religions practised in China are Buddhism, Taoism, Islam, Catholicism, and Protestantism and there were nearly 200 million religious believers in the country.
Out of these religious followers, the majority were Buddhists in Tibet. Others include 20 million Muslims, 38 million Protestant Christians and 6 million Catholic Christians.