With reference to the Albino Indian Flapshell turtle, consider the following statements
1) It is a freshwater species of turtle found in South Asia.
2) Its IUCN status is Critically Endangered.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. Both 1 and 2
D. None of these
Answer: 1 only
In the Sirnapalli forest in Telangana’s Nizamabad, an international forest forensic investigator, had a chance encounter with the rarely found species of Albino Indian Flapshell turtle.
The Indian flapshell turtle (Lissemys punctata) is a freshwater species of turtle found in South Asia.
The “flap-shelled” name stems from the presence of femoral flaps located on the plastron. These flaps of skin cover the limbs when they retract into the shell.
Its IUCN status is Vulnerable.
These freshwater turtles are widespread across South Asian countries like Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. And while typical Indian flapshell turtles are dark green and brown, the example found recently has a decidedly more vibrant appearance.
There were only two instances earlier of having ‘recorded’ the presence of albino version of this specie across India— once in Odisha and then in West Bengal.
The Indian flapshell turtle’s albino appearance is due to genetics. It is a congenital disorder and it is characterized by complete or partial absence of tyrosine pigment.