Social Infrastructure And Employment (View Of Economic Survey)

The Union Minister for Finance Nirmala Sitharaman presented the Economic Survey 2021-22 in Parliament.

94 crore doses of COVID-19 vaccines administered as on 16th January 2022; 91.39 crore first dose and 66.05 crore second dose.

With revival of economy, employment indicators bounced back to pre-pandemic levels during last quarter of 2020-21.

As per the quarterly Periodic Labour Force Survey (PFLS) data up to March 2021, employment in urban sector affected by pandemic has recovered almost to the pre-pandemic level.

According to Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) data, formalization of jobs continued during second COVID wave; adverse impact of COVID on formalization of jobs much lower than during the first COVID wave.

Expenditure on social services (health, education and others) by Centre and States as a proportion of GDP increased from 6.2 % in 2014-15 to 8.6% in 2021-22 (BE)

As per the National Family Health Survey-5:

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) came down to 2 in 2019-21 from 2.2 in 2015-16

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), under-five mortality rate and institutional births have improved in 2019-21 over year 2015-16

Under Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM), 83 districts have become ‘Har Ghar Jal’ districts.

Increased allotment of funds to Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS) to provide buffer for unorganized labour in rural areas during the pandemic.

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