What are the Various Types of Art – UPSC

Art is a cultural expression that has gained appreciation since ages without any discrimination. Whether it is the beauty in nature, humanity or a thought; art is a medium that gives everyone a chance to voice their views and emotions. There are various types of arts that have evolved over the years and they all aim at capturing different aspects of life.

Various Types of Art

Art has been an important part of human civilization. This can be classified into three parts – Performing Arts, Visual Arts and Literary Arts.

Performing Arts

The performing arts are art forms that are dedicated to being performed before an audience. This includes all of the visual, auditory or kinetic creations and experiences that have developed over thousands of years, from pre-historic times up to the present. The simple act of practicing a performing art form implies a form of premeditation: the creation of a performance is not just for the moment, but exists outside time in permanence. Performance may be viewed as a ritual that responds to and questions external forces – in this sense, “ritual” creating with each new performance.

Visual Arts

The visual arts are art forms such as painting, drawing, printmaking, sculpture, ceramics, photography, video and filmmaking. Many artistic disciplines such as performing arts, conceptual art, textiles and architecture also involve aspects of the visual arts as well as arts of other types: for example, textile arts include art weaving or quilting; performing arts include mime and pantomime; and architecture includes interior design and urban planning. Also included within the visual arts are the applied arts and decorative arts such as industrial design, graphic design, fashion design, interior design and decorative art.

Literary Arts

Literary works are written or recorded expressions of poetry, fiction, drama, romance, or other imaginative descriptions of characters and events. Technically speaking, this excludes such writings as treatises and search guides or directories and dissertations. These writings fall under the jurisdiction of the Information and Computing Sciences category.

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