Indus Valley Civilization – Indian Architecture – UPSC

In the third millennium B.C., numerous ruins of buildings in India are located along the banks of the dry beds of tributaries of the Indus which then flowed in an east-west direction from Baluchistan to Sind and thence became a river in the Punjab plain.

Key-Points of Indus Valley Civilization

👉The architecture of the bronze age.
👉Noted for their-

  1. urban planning
  2. baked brick houses
  3. elaborate drainage systems
  4. water supply systems
  5. clusters of large non-residential buildings
  6. new techniques in handicraft (carnelian products, seal carving) and metallurgy (copper, bronze, lead, and tin).

👉South Asian Harappan culture was heavily formed through its

  1. rich integration into international trade
  2. commerce, and
  3. contact due to its location along the Indus River.

👉The transition between the Early and Mature Harappan phases took place in the sites of Amri, Nausharo, Ghazi Shah, and Banawali.
👉Art of the Indus Valley civilization architecture was indigenous and without any influence.
👉The sculpture had no integral role in architecture; they were found separately.
👉The concentration of utility factor rather than aesthetic factor because they are traders.
👉The Harappan architecture of the Indus civilization focused on functional expression rather than pure decoration.
👉Lacked magnificent buildings such as palaces, monuments, discrepancies, and tombs, on the contrary
👉Most buildings were large-scale public buildings, commodious houses, or practical residences, which proved to be the first complex ancient society based on egalitarianism.