Recently India’s Union Home Minister Amit Shah recommended a hybrid security model where the CISF can have intimate contact with the private security agencies so that they can take over the task of efficiently guarding various kinds of industrial and manufacturing units in the country. He was speaking at the 53rd Raising Day celebrations of the CISF.
What is Hybrid Security Model?
In the hybrid security model, every engagement has an owner. That person is responsible for setting up the engagement and folder structure, defining team member roles and permissions, and maintaining confidentiality. The owner can be a partner or other senior professional who has oversight of the project, or it can be a project manager.
Needs of Hybrid Security Model
In the last few years, India has seen increasing concerns over security. Cybercrime has seen a sharp rise. This has resulted in a greater focus on the technologies used to counter it. The government and private sector are working together to deploy appropriate security systems.
As a result, there is a greater demand for cards that ensure physical and digital security. Such cards are called hybrid smart cards or dual interface smart cards. These combine physical smart card technology with biometric readers and other technologies to provide increased security against fraud and misuse.
In particular, these hybrid smart cards have found many applications in the industrial sector. They are used in employee identification, access control, authentication, and many more uses. The Indian government itself is promoting its use through its Digital India initiative. It aims to increase the use of information technology by the government and citizens for improved communication and transparency in governance.
Security Model in India
While India has a number of VIPs that have to be provided with 24/7 security detail, there are a few categories that stand out as the high-end. These include at the highest levels: SPG (Special Protection Group) and Z+ protection, followed by Z, Y+, Y, and X.
- SPG is an elite force whose details are classified and only provided to the Prime Minister of India.
- Z+ category is a security detail of 55 personnel, including 10+ NSG commandos and police personnel.
- Z category is a security detail of 22 personnel, including 4-6 NSG commandos and police personnel.
- Y+ category is a security detail of 11 personnel, including 2-4 commandos and police personnel.
- Y category is a security detail of 8 personnel, including 1 or 2 commandos and police personnel.
- X category is a security detail of 2 personnel, with no commandos but only armed police personnel.
The Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) is one of the Central Armed Police Forces in India. It was set up under an Act of the Parliament of India on 10 March 1969 with a strength of 2,800. CISF was subsequently made an armed force of India by another act of the Indian Parliament passed on 15 June 1983. Its current active strength is 145,000 personnel.
Objectives of CISF
Its main objective is to provide integrated security cover to Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) which are vital to the Indian economy. The force also provides security to airports, seaports, nuclear power plants, space installations, and sensitive government buildings and monuments. The CISF operates under the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.
Works and Duties of CISF
In addition to providing security to the above installations, CISF also renders a variety of services like Security Consultancy Services (SCS) to private industries as well as other organizations. The consultancy wing has done commendable work in such areas as creating awareness on industrial security among trade unions and sensitizing the Workmen’s Compensation Inspectors about the security aspects of hazardous installations.
Among its duties are guarding sensitive governmental buildings, the Delhi Metro, and providing airport security. CISF also provides consultancy services to private industries as well as other organizations within the Indian government. The scope of CISF’s consulting practice includes security consulting and fire protection consulting.
It also plays a major role in Disaster Management. The CISF has a ‘Fire Wing’ which helps during fire accidents in Industries where the CISF is on guard.