Hajo is situated in the mountainous region of the state, about 24 km west of Guwahati. It is also a place closely associated with Buddhism and Vaishnavism. In course of time, Hindus and Muslims also settled down at Hajo, which today has become an important place of pilgrimage for people belonging to all three religions.
The Hayagriva Madhava Temple is a temple located at Hajo in Kamrup district of Assam. The temple is located on a mound called Maniparvat in Hajo. “Hayagriva”, an incarnation of Vishnu (Vishnu with horse head) is worshipped here. In Sanskrit, ‘yes’ means ‘horse’ and ‘griva’ means ‘neck’. So this temple is called ‘Haigriva Temple’. It is also a sacred place for Buddhists. They believe Gautambuddha left his body and got ‘Moksha’ or ‘Nirvana’ at this place.
According to some historians, two Asuras named ‘Madhu’ and ‘Kaitava’ steal them from Brahma during the creation of the Vedas. Brahma wakes Vishnu from sleep and requests him to rescue the Vedas. Vishnu then took the form of ‘Haigriva’ and went to Rasatal and rescued the Vedas and gave them to Brahma. Vishnu then came to the northeast and fell asleep in the form of Ahgriva. Madhu and Kaitava come back and call Vishnu to war. In that battle, Vishnu defeated the two Asuras and killed them.
According to Kalika Purana the founder of this shrine is Auravrishi. Lord Vishnu is staying on this mountain called Haigriva Madhav, killing five Asuras like Jabasur, Hayasur, etc., who break the penance of The Lord Vishnu.
History of Hayagriva Madhava Temple
Hayagriva Madhava Temple is an ancient temple though the present house is later. The temple was renovated by Coach King Raghudev in 1543 AD after kalapahar demolished the ancient temple. According to some historians, the temple was built in the sixth century by the king of the Pala dynasty.
In the days of Purnananda Bargohai, Shani, the first wife of Koliavomora Barphukan, donated the land to the temple and a family of pikes for care. Inside the temple are inscriptions of Coach King Raghudev and Ahom King Pramatt Singh and Kamleswar Singh.
Structure of Hayagriva Madhava Temple
The Hayagriva Madhava Temple is made of stone. The temple has an elephant statue elani in its pit. These are called artifacts of Assamese architecture. The structure of the entire temple is on brick pillars which are believed to be later added to the original temple.
The temple is divided into three parts – sanctum sanctorum (bottom), middle and peak (upper). The temple butsora is made of granite stone. The large room that enters the sanctum sanctorum is brick-decorated and 40 feet×20 feet in size. The 14 sq ft covered sanctum area is made of bricks. The peak part is pyramid shaped. The front room is decorated with stones. There are two walls of stone cut in lotus shape on both sides of the room.
Outside the temple is a sculpture describing the ten incarnations of Vishnu of which Buddha is the ninth. Other sculptures cannot be identified, although most are masculine and carrying tridents in their hands. Next to the main temple is a small temple built by King Pramattsingh of Ahom. Daulatsav is celebrated with great fanfare every year here. There is also a large pond called ‘Madhav Pond’ near Madhav temple.
Worship at Hayagriva Madhava Temple
The pratimatyas of Mandirto’s place of worship are either Thegris or Thedha madha, in which there is a second medium or vishnu, and vishnu, the symbol of the culture. The ann-pratimritis are of moving mediums, Govind Madhas, and aru Vasudes. There is a similarity between the idols of Lord Jagannatha, the ancestors of Vishnu. Buddhist lamas in Anha are all worshiped by mahamuni and gautama buddha’s buli.