100+ Plant Kingdom NEET Question and Answers PDF

Plant Kingdom NEET Question and Answers PDF
Plant Kingdom NEET Question

In this post, Plant Kingdom NEET Question and Answers, we are going to discuss some important questions and answers on Class-11 Biology Chapter-3. Plant Kingdom is the name given to a kingdom (plantae) of living things including multicellular organisms such as vascular plants (including mosses, ferns, conifers, and flowering plants) as well as non-vascular plants like fungi, bacteria, lichen, and algae. These Questions and Answers on the Plant Kingdom are most important for your upcoming AIIMS and NEET 2022 examinations.

Other Relevant Questions Links

The Living WorldStructural Organisation in Animals
Biological ClassificationCell: The Unit of Life
Animal KingdomCell Cycle and Cell Division
Morphology of Flowering PlantsTransport in Plants
Anatomy of Flowering PlantsMineral Nutrition

A Brief Description About Plant Kingdom NEET Question and Answers PDF

Topic:Plant Kingdom NEET Question
Examinations:NEET, AIIMS, JIPMER
Class:11 (CBSE/NCERT) Biology
No of Questions:100+
Question type:Multiple Choice Question
Question Format:Text & PDF
PDF Size:1 MB
Download PDF:Attached Below

Plant Kingdom NEET Question and Answers

 1. What is the major difference between plant cell and an animal cell?

a) Cell wall

b) Cell membrane

c) Eukaryotic nature of cells

d) Genetic material

Answer: a


2. Artificial classification of plant kingdom is based on _______

a) Morphological characteristics

b) Embryotic structure

c) Ultra structure

d) Filamentous structure

Answer: a


3. Which among the following is incorrect about artificial classification of plantae kingdom?

a) This classification is mainly based on external features of a plant than that of their internal features

b) It laid the concept of classification in plants

c) Sexual organs are given more preference than vegetative organs

d) Artificial classification classifies closely related species

Answer: c


4. Which of the following is not the basis for sub-classification in plants?

a) Well differentiable structure

b) Presence of seeds

c) Structure of branches

d) Seed coat

Answer: c


5. The word “Thallophyta” means ________

a) plants that don’t have well-differentiable structure

b) plants that have large leaves

c) plants that grow in colonies

d) plants that are filamentous

Answer: a


6. Which among the following is an incorrect statement?

a) Chlamydomanas is an example of unicellular algae

b) Chlamydomanas have flagella to promote their movement

c) Ulothrea is a unicellular autotrophic algal

d) Spirogyra attains its name because of spiral like arrangement of chloroplasts

Answer: c


7. Which among the following are called as salad leaves?

a) Ulothrea

b) Ulva

c) Chladophora

d) Spirogyra

Answer: b


8. Which among the following are incorrect about volvox?

a) Volvox grow in colonies

b) The structure that connects them are called cytoplasmic bridges

c) Daughter colonies of volvox grow inside the parent colony

d) They are immobile due to absence of flagellum

Answer: d


9. Which of the following modes are used by spirogyra to reproduce?

a) Fragmentation

b) Multiple fission

c) Spore formation

d) Binary fission

Answer: a


10. During unfavourable conditions, the outer layer that is formed in chlamydomonas is called as ______

a) Cyst

b) Nuclear membrane

c) Cell wall

d) Cellular membrane

Answer: a


11. Which among the following is an incorrect statement?

a) Multiple fission is a process through which many individuals are produced by repeated nuclear division

b) Multiple fission takes place under suitable conditions

c) During multiple fission, an outer layer called cyst is formed

d) Nucleus divides repeatedly and new individuals are formed inside the cyst after which cyst breaks to release new individuals

Answer: b


12. Which among the following is an incorrect statement?

a) Most of the algae reproduce using spore formation

b) Asexual spores are called as zoo-spores and the reproductive part in algae is called zoosporangium

c) Under favourable conditions, these organisms germinate to form new organism

d) Zoo-spores are non-motile and flagellated

Answer: d


13. Reproduction in humans is an example of _______

a) Isogamous

b) Anisogamous

c) Oogamous

d) Sapiogamous

Answer: c


14. The male gamete in sexual reproduction of algae is called as _______

a) Antherozoid

b) Egg

c) Basidiogamete

d) Zoosperm

Answer: b


15. Gelidium and Gracilaria is used in the formation of _______

a) Agar

b) Vinegar

c) Yoghurt

d) Beer

Answer: a


16. Which among the following is incorrect?

a) Algae help in increasing oxygen levels in the environment

b) Chlorella and Spirullina are multi-cellular algae that are rich proteins and are used as food supplements for space travelers

c) Chlorophyceae comprise algae that contain chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b

d) Chlorophyceae store food as proteins, starch or as oil droplets

Answer: b


17. The storage bodies present in chloroplasts of chlorophyceae are called as ________

a) Pyrenoids

b) Carragen

c) Stroma

d) Alga

Answer: a


18. Food is stored in Phaecophyceae as ___________

a) Starch

b) Laminol

c) Glucose

d) Fructose

Answer: a


19. A leaf like photosynthetic organ in Phaecophyceae is called as ________

a) Frond

b) Stipe

c) Holdfast

d) Algin

Answer: a


20. Why are bryophyte called plant amphibians?

a) Because they grow in water during summer and on land in winter

b) Because they grow on land but water is necessary for them to reproduce

c) Because they grow in water during first half of the year and on land in the second half of the year

d) Because they grow in water in north part of world and on land in southern part of the world

Answer: a


21. Which among the following is an incorrect statement?

a) Bryophytes prevent soil erosion

b) Bryophytes decompose rocks and make soil fertile

c) Bryophytes are used in packing materials and are also good fuel

d) Bryophytes don’t absorb water and are used to pack food materials

Answer: d


22. Bryophytes are erect with hair like structures called as ________

a) Rhizoids

b) Stipe

c) Seta

d) Foot

Answer: a


23. Which among the following are incorrect?

a) Bryophytes are sub-classified into liverworts and mosses

b) Bryophytes are mostly found in dry hilly areas

c) Bryophytes don’t contain vascular tissues to transmit water and therefore don’t grow tall

d) Bryophytes follow cryptogamae

Answer: b


24. The female sex organs in bryophytes are called as ________

a) Antheridium

b) Archegonium

c) Basiogonium

d) Thallogonium

Answer: b


25. What is the main difference between mosses and liverworts?

a) Moses contain vascular tissue which are absent in liverworts

b) Mosses contain an intermediary stage called protonema which is absent in liverworts

c) Mosses grow taller which is not the case with liverworts

d) Mosses contain special bodies called sporophytes that are absent in liverworts

Answer: b


26. Which among the following is not an asexual mode in bryophytes?

a) Budding

b) Fragmentation

c) Gemmae

d) Sporophyte formation

Answer: c


27. Which among the following is incorrect?

a) Most of the leafy liverworts resemble mosses in their structure

b) Liverworts contain oil bodies that are absent in mosses

c) Moses contain lobes in their leaves whereas leafy liverworts don’t

d) In mosses, leaves are spirally arranged but in leafy liverworts leaves grow in two or three rows

Answer: c


28. Sphagnum belongs to _______

a) Leafy liverworts

b) Mosses

c) Thallose liverworts

d) Thallophytes

Answer: b


29. Which of the following is incorrect?

a) Gametes are produced in sex organs called gametophytes

b) Male gametes are transported to female gametes through water

c) Male and female gametes further fuse to form a zygotic structure that develops into an embryo

d) This embryo further develops to form a haploidic structure called sporophytes that bear spores

Answer: a


30. Sporophyte bears spores in ___________

a) Capsule

b) Seta

c) Foot

d) Strond

Answer: a


31. Which is the dominant phase in the life cycle of liverworts?

a) Diploid sporophyte

b) Diploid zygote

c) Haploid gametophyte

d) Diploid spores

Answer: c


32. Which among the following is an incorrect statement?

a) Zygote is formed by fusion of male and female gametes and is diploid in nature

b) Zygote undergoes reduction division to form a structure called sporophyte

c) Sporophyte undergoes meiosis to produce spores

d) Spores germinate to form new thallus

Answer: b


33. Which of the following are first evolved plants with vascular tissues?

a) Pteridophytes

b) Bryophytes

c) Thallophytes

d) Cryptograms

Answer: a


34. Which of the following statement is incorrect?

a) Pteridophytes follow cryptogamae i.e. reproduce spores

b) The main plant body in Pteridophytes is Sporophyte

c) Pteridophytes grow in dry and cold places like mountains

d) Pteridophytes have specialized vascular tissues

Answer: c


35. Leaf like structure in Pteridophytes that bear spores are called as ___________

a) Sporophylls

b) Pteridophylls

c) Sporangia

d) Sporophyte

Answer: c


36. Which is the dominant phase in the life cycle of a pteridophyte?

a) Gametophyte

b) Prothallus

c) Sporophyte

d) Zygote

Answer: c


37. Which among the following is incorrect?

a) Gametophyte is small and multi-cellular photosynthetic thallus.

b) Sporophyte is also called Pro-thallus

c) In mosses, gametophyte is the dominant phase

d) Equisetum and Selaginella have a distinct cone like structure called strobili

Answer: b


38. Which among the following is odd?

a) Lycopsida

b) Pteropsida

c) Sphenopsida

d) Sporopsida

Answer: d


39. Equisetum belongs to ___________

a) Sphenopsida

b) Lycopsida

c) Pteropsida

d) Psilopsida

Answer: b


40. Which of the following is incorrect?

a) Phanerogams contain specialized reproductive organ and don’t follow cryptogamae

b) Phanerogams are classified as Gymnosperms and Angiosperms based on the type of seed they produce

c) Gymnosperms have covered seeds and Angiosperms have naked seeds

d) Angiosperms bear fruit whereas Gymnosperms don’t

Answer: c


41. Which among the following is the tallest tree?

a) Red wood tree

b) Pine

c) Deodar

d) Cycads

Answer: c


42. Which among the following are incorrect?

a) Gymnosperms are fruitless plants that are mostly found in hilly areas

b) Gymnosperms are perennial, evergreen and woody trees

c) Gymnosperms have needle-shaped leaves that are well-adapted to withstand extreme weather conditions

d) Gymnosperms are also termed as hard wood trees

Answer: c


43. Which among the following are incorrect?

a) Microsporophylls are spirally arranged to form Strobili to form a cone shaped structures called microsporangiate

b) Microsporangiate is also called as male strobili because they contain microspores that form male gametophyte

c) Gametophytes can’t exist independently i.e. free living

d) Microsporangiate and macrosporangiate exists within the same plant

Answer: d


44. Which among the following is incorrect?

a) Some Gymnosperms have algal association in their roots and it is termed as mycorrhiza

b) Leaves of Gymnosperms can be either simple/ compound

c) Gymnosperms have either branched/unbranched stems

d) The roots in Pinus exist in the form of mycorrhiza

Answer: b


45. In cycas, the type of root present is called as __________

a) Taproot

b) Fibrous roots

c) Coralloid roots

d) Mycorrhiza

Answer: d


46. Cedrus have ________

a) leaves with large surface area

b) branched stem

c) simple leaves

d) taproot system

Answer: b


47. Megasporangium in Gymnosperms is also called as _______

a) Macrosporangiate

b) Nucellus

c) Microsporangium

d) Male strobili

Answer: b


48. Which of the following is incorrect about reproduction in Gymnosperms?

a) Microsporangium contain microsporocytes that undergo meiosis to form microspores

b) Microspores further undergo reduction division to form microgametophyte

c) Microgametophyte is also called as Pollen grain

d) Wind, water and insects act as dispersal agents for pollination

Answer: b


49. Which among the following are incorrect about Gymnosperms?

a) In Ginkgo, female cones are absent

b) Gymnosperms may be either dioecious or monoecious

c) The embryo that grows after fertilization is exoscopic in nature

d) Companion cells in phloem are absent

Answer: c


50. Which among the following are incorrect about Gymnosperms?

a) On reaching female gametophyte, the pollen grains produce a tube like structure that carries sperms to the egg

b) Fertilization in Gymnosperms can also be described as siphonogamic

c) Ovules in Gymnosperms are unprotected unlike that of angiosperms

d) Every megaspore that is produced after meiosis undergoes mitosis to form a female gametophyte

Answer: d


51. Gymnosperms and Angiosperms are together called as __________

a) Spermatophyta

b) Sporophyta

c) Dermitophyta

d) Embryophyta

Answer: a


52. Which among the following is incorrect?

a) The reduced male gametophyte is termed as pollen grains

b) Pollen grains may be monosaccate, disaccate, trisaccate or non-saccate

c) Megasporangium tissue is soft and non-woody

d) After mitosis, a megaspore forms female gametophyte with two or three archegonia that undergoes fertilization

Answer: c


53. The covering outside an ovule in Gymnosperms is called as __________

a) Integument

b) Air sac

c) Embryo sac

d) Carpel

Answer: a


54. Which of the following is incorrect about haplontic life cycle?

a) Gametophytes are the dominant phase in this life cycle

b) Sporophytes are free-living

c) Spores are haploid in nature and form gametophyte by mitotic division

d) Zygote acts as sporophyte

Answer: b


55. Which among the following life cycle suits Chlamydomanas?

a) Haplontic

b) Diplontic

c) Triplontic

d) Haplo-diplontic

Answer: a


56. Which among the following is incorrect about diplontic life cycle?

a) Sporophyte is the dominant phase

b) All spermatophytes exhibit diplontic life cycle

c) Gametophyte depends on the sporophyte

d) Sporophyte depends on Gametophyte for their food

Answer: c


57. Which among the following life cycle is exhibited by a rose plant?

a) Haplontic

b) Diplontic

c) Triplontic

d) Haplo-diplontic

Answer: b


58. Which among the following is incorrect about Haplo-diplontic life cycle?

a) In this life cycle, both sporophytic phase and gametophytic phase have equal life time

b) Both sporophytic and gametophytic phases are multi-cellular and have independent existence

c) This kind of life cycle is exhibited by Pteridophytes and Bryophyte

d) Ectocarpus exhibits haplo-diplontic life cycle

Answer: d


59. Which among the following life cycle is exhibited by Fucus?

a) Diplontic

b) Haplontic

c) Triplolntic

d) Haplo-diplontic

Answer: a


60. Which among the following life cycle is exhibited by Polysiphonia?

a) Diplontic

b) Haplontic

c) Triplolntic

d) Haplo-diplontic

Answer: b


61. Which among the following is incorrect?

a) In bryophytes, haploid gametophyte is the dominant phase

b) In Volvox, haploid gametophyte is the dominant phase

c) In Spirogyra, diploid Sporophyte is the dominant phase

d) In Pappaya, haploid gametophyte is the dominant phase

Answer: c


62. Which of the following is incorrect about haplontic life cycle?

a) Gametophytes are the dominant phase in this life cycle

b) Sporophytes are free-living

c) Spores are haploid in nature and form gametophyte by mitotic division

d) Zygote acts as sporophyte

Answer: b


63. Which among the following life cycle suits Chlamydomanas?

a) Haplontic

b) Diplontic

c) Triplontic

d) Haplo-diplontic

Answer: a


64. Which among the following is incorrect about diplontic life cycle?

a) Sporophyte is the dominant phase

b) All spermatophytes exhibit diplontic life cycle

c) Gametophyte depends on the sporophyte

d) Sporophyte depends on Gametophyte for their food

Answer: c


65. Which among the following life cycle is exhibited by a rose plant?

a) Haplontic

b) Diplontic

c) Triplontic

d) Haplo-diplontic

Answer: b


66. Which among the following is incorrect about Haplo-diplontic life cycle?

a) In this life cycle, both sporophytic phase and gametophytic phase have equal life time

b) Both sporophytic and gametophytic phases are multi-cellular and have independent existence

c) This kind of life cycle is exhibited by Pteridophytes and Bryophyte

d) Ectocarpus exhibits haplo-diplontic life cycle

Answer: d


67. Which among the following life cycle is exhibited by Fucus?

a) Diplontic

b) Haplontic

c) Triplolntic

d) Haplo-diplontic

Answer: a


68. Which among the following life cycle is exhibited by Polysiphonia?

a) Diplontic

b) Haplontic

c) Triplolntic

d) Haplo-diplontic

Answer: b


69. Which among the following is incorrect?

a) In bryophytes, haploid gametophyte is the dominant phase

b) In Volvox, haploid gametophyte is the dominant phase

c) In Spirogyra, diploid Sporophyte is the dominant phase

d) In Pappaya, haploid gametophyte is the dominant phase

Answer: c


70. The inner cell wall in spirogyra is made up of ________

a) Pectin

b) Cellulose

c) Chitin

d) Lipids

Answer: b


71. Which among the following is incorrect about Ulothrea?

a) Ulothrea is a multicellular filamentous algae

b) Ulothrea contains three different sets of cells i.e. apical, basal and lateral cells

c) Apical cells are rounded at one end whereas basal cells are elongated at one end

d) Every cell contains chlorophyll in them

Answer: d


72. Which among the following are incorrect about Chladophora?

a) Chladophora is a filamentous branched algal

b) Chladophora is also called river weed in some areas

c) It is edible and are used in salads

d) There are many different varieties of chladophora that are difficult to be classified

Answer: c


73. The mode of classifying plants as shrubs, herbs and trees comes under ________

a) Artificial classification

b) Natural classification

c) Phylogenetic classification

d) Whittaker’s classification

Answer: a


74. Which among the following are incorrect about natural classification?

a) In natural classification, only internal structures of the plants are considered

b) Natural classification overcomes the limitations of the artificial classification

c) Natural classification considers reproductive mode, embryotic structure and ultra structure of plants

d) Natural classification establishes close relationship between plants

Answer: a


75. Phylogenetic classification considers __________

a) Morphological characteristics

b) Embryotic structure

c) Evolutionary relationships

d) Ultra structure

Answer: c


76. Which among the following is incorrect about numerical taxonomy?

a) Numerical classification is based on mathematical calculations based on observable characteristics

b) Numbers are given to each character

c) The more the number of similar characters, the more is the chance that they belong to similar taxa

d) Numerical taxonomy gives the same result irrespective of the different sets of characteristics considered

Answer: d


77. Which among the following is incorrect about cytotaxonomy and chemotaxonomy?

a) Cytotaxonomy is based on the chromosomes present in the organism

b) Chemotaxonomy is based on the chemical composition of plants

c) Cytotaxonomy involves characteristics like number of chromosomes, division of cell and position centromere

d) Cytotaxonomy involves only external characteristics

Answer: d


Plant Kingdom NEET Question and Answers PDF Download

These Plant Kingdom NEET Question and Answers cover the all-important topic of plants and are targeted, ideally, at those preparing for NEET and AIIMS. The plant kingdom is a very broad category that consists of plants, fungi, and bacteria. Plants are multicellular organisms that have separate male and female sex organs. They can make their own food through photosynthesis and use groundwater for their hydration. They also undergo mitosis which is the process of cell division to form new cells and daughter cells.

The Plant Kingdom is really the broadest category of organisms, including all land plants (including seaweed and ferns) and all green algae. There are millions and millions of species, with different levels of complexity. Most of them have only rudimentary ‘brain-like’ control and some are single-cell organisms (eukaryotes), while others have complex mechanisms and include trees, flowers, mushrooms, and insects, as well as humans.

Other Relevant Questions Links

Photosynthesis in Higher PlantsBody Fluids and Circulation
Respiration in PlantsExcretory Products and their Elimination
Plant Growth and DevelopmentLocomotion and Movement
Digestion and AbsorptionNeural Control and Coordination
Breathing and Exchange of GasesChemical Coordination and Integration

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