What is Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill 2022? Discuss!

Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill 2022:  The Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill 2022, which would allow the police and prison authorities to collect, store and analyze physical and biological samples, including retina and iris scans, was introduced in the Lok Sabha.

The bill aims to authorize the police to take measurements of convicts and other persons for the purposes of their identifications and investigations in criminal matters to preserve records.

The new bill seeks to repeal the existing “The Identification of Prisoners Act, 1920”, which is limited to allowing the collection of finger and footprint impressions and photographs for a limited category of convicted and non-convicted persons on the order of a Magistrate.

Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill 2022:  Key Provisions

1. The Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill 2022 will repeal the Identification of Prisoners Act, 1920, which is limited to collecting fingerprint and footprint impressions for a limited category of prisoners. 

2. The new bill will allow the police to take measurements of all convicts and other detained persons to preserve records for the purpose of their identification. 

3. As per provisions of the new Criminal Procedure (Identification) Bill 2022, any person detained, convicted, or arrested or under any preventive detention, the law will be required to provide “measurements” to a police officer or a prison official.

4. The bill will allow the police to take iris and retina scans, photographs, finger impressions, palm-print impressions, footprint impressions, physical, biological samples, and their analysis.

5. The bill will also allow the police to collect their behavioral attributes including signatures and handwriting or any other examination referred under section 53 or section 53A of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.