ICHR deferred the decision on the Malabar Rebellion martyrs: The Indian Council for Historical Research (ICHR) has deferred its decision on a recommendation to remove the 1921 Malabar Rebellion martyrs including Variamkunnaathu Kunhahamad Haji and Ali Musliyar from the list of India’s freedom fighters.
Though a report of the sub-committee, which reportedly recommended the removal of 382 martyrs from the list of freedom fighters from the fifth volume of the Dictionary of Martyrs of India’s Freedom Struggle (1857-1947), was placed at the council meeting, it was decided to forward the report to the Research Project Committee (RPC) of the council.
The sub-committee report, which was submitted in a sealed cover, was not opened at the meeting. Instead, it was decided to forward it to the committee for its evaluation.
The panel was of the view that the rebellion that took place at Malabar was a one-sided attack on Hindus. Just two Britishers were killed during the unrest and hence the rebellion could not be considered part of the freedom struggle.
The subcommittee had recommended the removal of the Malabar Rebellion leaders, mostly Muslims, from the list. This is viewed by some as an attempt to distort history.
The Malabar rebellion or Mappila riots occurred between August 1921 and 1922 in the southern part of the Malabar district of the Madras Presidency (now part of Kerala).
The uprising was by the Mappila peasantry (mainly Muslims) against the prevailing feudal system in the region controlled by upper-caste Hindus, whom the British had also appointed in positions of authority for their support.