Donkey milk, obtained from donkeys after they have been separated from their foals, is a by-product of the donkey farming industry. However, in many European countries, donkey milk is a protected product that can only be produced in specific areas and sold as a foodstuff.
Chemical components of donkey milk
The basic chemical components of donkey milk and donkey milk powder include protein, fat, lactose, moisture, and ash. The moisture content of donkey milk and milk powder were 92.5 and 3.63 g/100 g respectively. The content of protein and ash in donkey milk were 2.14 and 0.42 g/100 g.
Compared with cow milk, the protein and ash content of donkey milk were closer to human milk. But the average fat content of donkey milk was 1.2 g/100 g, which was 34.3% of human milk or 37.5% of cow milk. Similarly, the fat content of donkey milk powder was also lower than cow milk powder.
Lactose is a disaccharide and primary energy resource. Donkey milk contained lactose 5.9 g/100 g, approaching human milk. The lactose content of donkey milk powder was more than that of cow milk powder. Thus donkey milk and donkey milk powder were fitters eating for infants.
The G1, blood glucose index, for short raw sugar index, is an effective index for postprandial blood sugar reaction. The G1 of food less than 55 is called low-G1 food. The G1 of lactose was 46, which was 43.8% of maltose or 46% of glucose. Lactose was low-G1 food. Therefore the diabetic can drink donkey milk and milk powder properly.