Clean air is very important in today’s society. Air quality management is the process of managing and improving air quality in order to reduce the effects of pollution. Air quality management is incredibly important because it can help to prevent health problems, such as asthma and emphysema, as well as decrease pollution and other factors that contribute to climate change.
What is Air Quality Management?
Air quality management is the task of controlling air pollution in order to improve quality assurance and reduce the transmission of airborne diseases. The process involves monitoring and/or measuring air pollutants, collecting data regarding the quality of air, determining the nature of emissions that are being released into the atmosphere, and developing a plan to ensure that these pollutants are eliminated or reduced to acceptable levels.
It’s important to have an air quality management system because it protects public health and natural resources while meeting national ambient air quality standards. Air pollution control has improved in recent years as new technologies have been developed, such as air filtration systems and catalytic converters.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is in charge of setting standards for air quality. Air quality management is the act of maintaining or improving air quality to meet these standards. This can be done through either the reduction of pollutants emitted into the air or by increasing the effectiveness of air pollution control technologies. The EPA has established many different programs designed to help manage air quality more effectively.
Importance of Air Quality Management
Air Quality Management (AQM) is an important aspect of liveability and sustainability. Poor air quality can have adverse impacts on human health and the environment. The importance of air quality management has been recognized by governments around the world, through the establishment of standards and regulations for ambient air quality.
To assess the importance of air quality management, we must first understand some facts about air pollution. Air pollution has been linked to a wide range of health problems, including asthma and bronchitis. Air pollutants are also known to cause cancer. The greatest concern, though, is the effect of air pollution on climate change and global warming.
In areas with poor air quality, outdoor air pollution can be a major cause of illness. Even in areas where the air is cleaner, indoor air pollution can be a problem. Poor indoor air quality can cause or contribute to the development of chronic respiratory diseases such as asthma and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. In addition, it can cause headaches, dry eyes, nasal congestion, nausea, and fatigue. People who already have respiratory diseases are at greater risk
People who work in certain occupations may be exposed to chemicals or other agents that affect indoor air quality. These include building maintenance workers, painters, furniture refinishers, and printers.
The effects of poor indoor air quality can often be mistaken for colds or allergy symptoms because the illnesses have similar symptoms. The most common initial symptoms of poor indoor air quality are headache; eye, nose, and throat irritation; dry cough; dry or itchy skin; dizziness and nausea; and difficulties in concentrating. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should see your doctor as soon as possible.
Elements of Air Quality Management Cycle
Pollutants in the air can be classified by their physical and chemical properties, or by where and how they are released into the atmosphere. Sources of air pollution may be classified as natural or anthropogenic (man-made).
Elements of Air Quality Management Cycle:
- Air quality monitoring (AQM)
- Technology assessment (TA)
- Strategic planning (SP)
- Compliance assurance (CA)
- Public participation (PP)
The air quality management cycle consists of:
- Identification of air quality problems and opportunities for improvement.
- Planning to address those problems and opportunities, including establishing emission limits and standards, setting priorities, and determining funding needs.
- The implementation includes enforcing emission limits and standards and providing educational programs to help people understand the regulations and their role in meeting them.
- Evaluation to determine if goals are being met and to identify additional problems or opportunities for improvement.
What is an air quality management Area?
An air quality management area (AQMA) is an area that has been made to help improve air quality. They are usually set up in areas where the level of pollution is likely to exceed legislation limits.
Air quality management areas can also be set up in places where a local authority feels there is a potential for pollution levels to rise and become a problem. This is particularly common when there are plans for new developments or road network changes in the area which may result in an increase in traffic.
The Local Authority will carry out an Air Quality Assessment for the area which will contain information about what action the council needs to take to reduce pollution levels within the AQMA. The assessment includes information on:
- The pollutants present and whether they pose a health risk to people living or working in the AQMA
- The sources of pollutants, how much they contribute, and what can be done to reduce them
- The location of any sensitive receptors (places such as schools, hospitals, and nurseries) within the AQMA may be affected by poor air quality.