TOP 100+ Business Research Methods MCQ With Answers PDF

Business Research Methods MCQ With Answers PDF: Business research methodology is important for business and management. This business research methodology multiple-choice questions (MCQ) has been created by our subject matter experts team to help the students in their preparation for UGC NET and SET exams. These business research methodology quizzes have answers that are correct according to UGC guidelines and these BRM quiz questions have been designed according to the latest syllabus.

These Business Research Methods (BRM) multiple-choice questions with solutions will help MBA, MMS, BBA, B Com, M Com, Engineering, MCA, BCA, and Ph.D. students. This research methodology-related MCQs can be used for SET, UGC NET, MPSC, and UPSC competitive entrance exams.

A Brief Description About Business Research Methods MCQ with Answers

Topic Name:Business Research Methods (BRM) MCQ
No. of Questions:100
Type of Questions:Multiple Choice Questions
Questions Format:Text & PDF
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Business Research Methods MCQ With Answers

1. A research paper is a brief report of research work based on _____

A. Secondary data

B. Primary Data

C. Researchers behavior

D. Both A & B

Answer: Both A & B


2. An appropriate source to find out descriptive information is ______

A. Directory

B. Encyclopedia

C. Dictionary

D. Bibliography

Answer: Encyclopedia


3. The two main styles of research are ______

A. Vertical & horizontal process

B. Surveys and questionnaires

C. Qualitative and quantitative

D. Sampling and recording

Answer: Qualitative and quantitative


4. Testing hypothesis is a ______

A. Descriptive statistics

B. Data analysis

C. Inferential statistics

D. Data preparation

Answer: Inferential statistics


5. The concepts in a hypothesis are stated as ______

A. Theories

B. Indices

C. Variables

D. Ideas

Answer: Variables


6. Information acquired by experience or experimentation is known as ____

A. Factual

B. Scientific evidences

C. Scientific

D. Empirical

Answer: Empirical


7. ______ was not identified as a major research design.

A. Field Research

B. ethnography

C. Surveys

D. secondary research

Answer: ethnography


8. Research process generally starts with _____

A. Experiments

C. Hypothesis

B. Data Analysis

D. Observation

Answer: Observation


9. ______ are generally information gathered or generated by the researcher for the purposes of the project immediately at hand.

A. Primary data

B. Secondary data

C. Tertiary data

D. Ready-made data

Answer: Primary data


10. Data that have already been collected for some other purpose is termed ______.

A. Primary data

B. Secondary data

C. Tertiary data

D. Ready-made data

Answer: Secondary data


11. Generally, existing literature is a good source of ______ data for the researcher.

A. Primary

B. Secondary

C. Tertiary

D. Ready-made

Answer: Secondary


12. ____ data provide a first-hand account of the situation.

A. Primary

B. Secondary

C. Tertiary

D. Ready-made

Answer: Primary


13. The information is more reliable in _______

A. Primary data

B. Secondary data

C. Tertiary data

Ready-made data

Answer: Primary data


14. Collecting ______ is expensive in terms of both time and money.

A. Ready-made data

B. Secondary Data

C. Primary data

D. Tertiary data

Answer: Primary data


15. ______ is the method of collecting primary data.

A. Obseravation

B. Survey

C. Interview

D. All of the above

Answer: All of the above


16. _____ is treated as the ‘heart of the survey operation’.

A. Observation

B. Secondary data

C. Interview

D. Questionnaire

Answer: Questionnaire


17. ______ are carefully constructed sets of rating scales designed to measure one or more aspects of an individual’s or group’s attitude toward some object.

A. Rating Scales

B. Attitude Scales

C. Discrete scales

D. Graphic scales

Answer: Attitude Scales


18. In a ____, the rater makes a judgement about some characteristic of a subject and places him directly on some point on the scale.

A. Rating Scales

B. Attitude Scales

C. Summated scales

D. Guttman’s scales

Answer: Rating Scales


19. _______is the characteristic of research.

A. Direct experience or observation

B. Cyclical

C. Precise judgement

D. All of the above

Answer: All of the above


20. Research is _____

A. Working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem

B. Searching continuously and again and again regarding something

C. Comparing and analyzing two or more things

D. an art and science of searching books, articles and terminologies

Answer: Working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem


21. ______ is an important components of scientific enquiry.

A. Observation

B. Hypothesis

C. Verification

D. All of the above

Answer: All of the above


22. _______is NOT a part of modern methods of research.

A. Basic research

B. Conceptual research

C. Philosophical research

D. Empirical research

Answer: Philosophical research


23. Research can either be _____ or applied.

A. basic

B. fundamental

C. pure

D. All of the above

Answer: All of the above


24. _______ is one of the most common tasks of a researcher.

A. Creating specific problem

B. Starting business using research data

C. Solving specific problems

D. Using research for marketing

Answer: Solving specific problems


25. After collecting research data, it is necessary to ______ and interpret them.

A. conclude

B. analyse

C. write findings

D. observe

Answer: analyse


26. By _______ we mean the investigation of problems to further and develop existing knowledge.

A. basic research

B. applied research

C. future research

D. assumptions

Answer: basic research


27. Examples of fundamental research are investigations into______.

A. natural phenomena

B. pure mathematics

C. physics or astronomy

D. all of the above

Answer: all of the above


28. ______ is the first step in starting the research process.

A. Searching online or offline

B. Identification of problem

C. Idea screening and concept development

D. Data collection

Answer: Identification of problem


29. Action research means ______

A. A research initiated to solve an immediate problem

B. A research with socioeconomic objective

C. an experimental research conducted by researcher

D. fundamental research which focus on long term problem solving

Answer: A research initiated to solve an immediate problem


30. A ______ is the specification of methods and procedures for acquiring the information needed to structure or solve problems.

A. Research Problem

B. Research Hypothesis

C. Research Design

D. Research Data

Answer: Research Design


31. Research is

A. Searching again and again

B. Finding solution to any problem

C. Working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem

D. None of the above

Answer: Working in a scientific way to search for truth of any problem


32. Which of the following is the first step in starting the research process?

A. Searching sources of information to locate problem.

B. Survey of related literature

C. Identification of problem

D. Searching for solutions to the problem

Answer: Identification of problem


33. A common test in research demands much priority on

A. Reliability

B. Usability

C. Objectivity

D. All of the above

Answer: All of the above


34. Action research means

A. A longitudinal research

B. An applied research

C. A research initiated to solve an immediate problem

D. A research with socioeconomic objective

Answer: A research initiated to solve an immediate problem


35. A reasoning where we start with certain particular statements and conclude with a universal statement is called

A. Deductive Reasoning

B. Inductive Reasoning

C. Abnormal Reasoning

D. Transcendental Reasoning

Answer: Inductive Reasoning


36. The essential qualities of a researcher are

A. Spirit of free enquiry

B. Reliance on observation and evidence

C. Systematization or theorizing of knowledge

D. All the above

Answer: All the above


37. In the process of conducting research ‘Formulation of Hypothesis” is followed by

A. Statement of Objectives

B. Analysis of Data

C. Selection of Research Tools

D. Collection of Data

Answer: Selection of Research Tools


38. A research paper is a brief report of research work based on

A. Primary Data only

B. Secondary Data only

C. Both Primary and Secondary Data

D. None of the above

Answer: Both Primary and Secondary Data


39. An appropriate source to find out descriptive information is ……………. .

A. Bibliography

B. Directory

C. Encyclopedia

D. Dictionary

Answer: Encyclopedia


40. “Controlled Group” is a term used in ………….. .

A. Survey research

B. Historical research

C. Experimental research

D. Descriptive research

Answer: Experimental research


41. Testing hypothesis is a

A. Inferential statistics

B. Descriptive statistics

C. Data preparation

D. Data analysis

Answer: Inferential statistics


42. The method that consists of collection of data through observation and experimentation, formulation and testing of hypothesis is called

A. Empirical method

B. Scientific method

C. Scientific information

D. Practical knowledge

Answer: Scientific method


43. Information acquired by experience or experimentation is called as

A. Empirical

B. Scientific

C. Facts

D. Scientific evidences

Answer: Empirical


44. “All living things are made up of cells. Blue whale is a living being. Therefore blue whale is made up of cells”. The reasoning used here is

A. Inductive

B. Deductive

C. Both A and B

D. Hypothetic-Deductive

Answer: Deductive


45. The reasoning that uses general principle to predict specific result is called

A. Inductive

B. Deductive

C. Both A and B

D. Hypothetic-Deductive

Answer: Deductive


46. All research process starts with

A. Hypothesis

B. Experiments to test hypothesis

C. Observation

D. All of these

Answer: Observation


47. The quality of a research study is primarily assessed on:

A. The place of publication.

B. The ways in which the recommendations are implemented

C. The rigor with which it was conducted

D. The number of times it is replicated.

Answer: The rigor with which it was conducted


48. Which of the following is not an appropriate source for academic research?

A. An online encyclopedia

B. A government-based research organization database

C. A peer reviewed journal article

D. A text book

Answer: An online encyclopedia


49. ‘Research methodology’ refers to:

A. The sampling technique

B. The tools that the researcher use

C. The chain of association between the research question and the research design

D. Qualitative methods

Answer: The chain of association between the research question and the research design


50. A researcher should:

A. Be constrained by the research of others

B. Use even anonymous sources if they appear relevant

C. Use only sources that appear credible

D. None of these

Answer: Use only sources that appear credible


51. Research is

A. A purposeful, systematic activity

B. Primarily conducted for purely academic purposes

C. Primarily conducted to answer questions about practical issues

D. A random, unplanned process of discovery

Answer: A purposeful, systematic activity


52. When conducting a review of literature on a particular subject, the researcher should

A. Read all available material on the subject

B. Read the whole journal article and then decide whether or not it is useful

C. Read strategically and critically

D. Read fully only those texts that appear to agree with his/her point of view

Answer: Read strategically and critically


53. The two main styles of research are

A. Data collection and data coding

B. Surveys and questionnaires

C. Sampling and recording

D. Qualitative and quantitative

Answer: Qualitative and quantitative


54. Qualitative research is:

A. Not as rigorous as quantitative research

B. Primarily concerned with the collection and analysis of numerical data

C. Primarily concerned with in-depth exploration of phenomena

D. Primarily concerned with the quality of the research

Answer: Primarily concerned with in-depth exploration of phenomena


55. Quantitative research involves

A. Interviewing people to find out their deeply held views about issues

B. Collecting data in numerical form

C. More rigor than qualitative research

D. Interviewing every member of the target population

Answer: Collecting data in numerical form


56. What is the basis of the scientific method

A. To test hypothesis in conditions that are conducive to its success

B. To formulate a research problem and disprove the hypothesis

C. To formulate a research problem, test the hypothesis in carefully controlled conditions that challenge the hypothesis

D. To test hypothesis and if they are disproved, they should be abandoned completely

Answer: To formulate a research problem, test the hypothesis in carefully controlled conditions that challenge the hypothesis.


57. Of all the steps in the research process, the one that typically takes the most time is

A. Data collection

B. Formulating the problem

C. Selecting a research method

D. Developing a hypothesis

Answer: Formulating the problem


58. The concepts in a hypothesis are stated as

A. Variables

B. Theories

C. Indices

D. Ideas

Answer: Variables


59. In order for a variable to be measured, a researcher must provide a

A. Operational definition

B. Hypothesis

C. Theory

D. Scale

Answer: Operational definition


60. Which of the following was not identified as a major research design?

A. secondary research

B. Surveys

C. Field Research

D. ethnography

Answer: ethnography


61. When a number of researchers use the same operational definition to measure a variable and achieve the same results, the measure is said to be

A. Instrumental

B. Reliable

C. Valid

D. Factual

Answer: Reliable


62. There are various types of research designed to obtain different types of information. What type of research is used to define problems and suggest hypotheses?

A. Descriptive Research

B. Primary research

C. Secondary research

D. Causal research

Answer: Descriptive Research


63. What type of research would be appropriate in the following situation? Nestlé wants to investigate the impact of children on their parents’ decisions to buy breakfast foods.

A. Quantitative research.

B. Qualitative research

C. Secondary Research

D. Mixed methodology

Answer: Qualitative research


64. What type of research would be appropriate in the following situation? A college or university bookshop wants to get some insights into how students feel about the shop’s merchandise, prices and service.

A. Secondary data

B. Qualitative research

C. Focus groups

D. Quantitative research

Answer: Focus groups


65. The Internet is a powerful mechanism for conducting research. However it does have its drawbacks. Which of the following signify these drawbacks?

A. The possible inclusion of individuals not being targeted, that could skew the results

B. Lack of information about the population responding to the questionnaire.

C. Eye contact and body language, (two useful research indicators) are excluded from the analysis

D. All of the above

Answer: All of the above


66. _____________ research is the gathering of primary data by watching people.

A. Experimental

B. Causal

C. Informative

D. Observational

Answer: Observational


67. Which is the best type of research approach for gathering causal information?

A. Observational

B. Informative

C. Experimental

D. Survey

Answer: Experimental


68. The outcome of what is being measured is termed:

A. Independent Variable

B. Dependent Variable

C. Predictor variable

D. Hypothetical Variable

Answer: Dependent Variable


69. Which of the following would occur in a longitudinal study:

A. Measures are taken from different participants over an extended period of time

B. Participation is expected to last for a minimum of 24 hours

C. Measures are taken from same participants on different occasions usually over extended period of time

D. Measures are taken from participants in at least 6 different countries

Answer: Measures are taken from same participants on different occasions usually over extended period of time


70. Endeavors to explain, predict, and/or control phenomena are the goal of

A. Scientific method

B. Tradition

C. Inductive logic

D. Deductive logic

Answer: Scientific method


71. Ms. Casillas has been coordinating the Halloween Festival at her school for the last several years. She wants to be sure the students and parents enjoy the festival again this year. On which source is she LEAST likely to rely when making decisions about what to do?

A. Tradition

B. Research

C. Personal experience

D. Expert opinion

Answer: Research


72. The scientific method is preferred over other ways of knowing because it is more

A. Reliable

B. Systematic

C. Accurate

D. All of these

Answer: All of these


73. Which of the following steps of the scientific method is exemplified by the researcher reviewing the literature and focusing on a specific problem that has yet to be resolved?

A. Describe the procedures to collect information

B. Identify a topic.

C. Analyze the collected information

D. State the results of the data analysis

Answer: Identify a topic


74. Which of the following is the LEAST legitimate research problem? The purpose of this study is to

A. understand what it means to be a part of a baseball team at a high school known for its championship teams.

B. study whether physical education should be taught in elementary parochial schools.

C. examine the relationship between the number of hours spent studying and students test scores

D. examine the effect of using advanced organizers on fifth grade students reading comprehension

Answer: study whether physical education should be taught in elementary parochial schools.


75. The research process is best described as a

A. Method to select a frame of reference

B. Set of rules that govern the selection of subjects

C. Series of steps completed in a logical order

D. Plan that directs the research design

Answer: Series of steps completed in a logical order


76. A research proposal is best described as a

A. Framework for data collection and analysis

B. Argument for the merit of the study

C. Description of how the researcher plans to maintain an ethical perspective during the study

D. Description of the research process for a research project

Answer: Description of the research process for a research project


77. The purpose of a literature review is to:

A. Use the literature to identify present knowledge and what is unknown

B. Assist in defining the problem and operational definition

C. Identify strengths and weaknesses of previous studies

D. All of the above

Answer: All of the above


78. The statement ‘To identify the relationship between the time the patient spends on the operating table and the development of pressure ulcers’ is best described as a research:

A. Objective

B. Aim

C. Question

D. Hypothesis

Answer: Aim


79. An operational definition specifies

A. The data analysis techniques to be used in the study

B. The levels of measurement to be used in the study

C. How a variable or concept will be defined and measured in the study

D. How the outcome of the research objectives for the study will be measured

Answer: How a variable or concept will be defined and measured in the study


80. A statement of the expected relationship between two or more variables is known as the:

A. Concept definition

B. Hypothesis

C. Problem statement

D. Research question

Answer: Hypothesis


81. There is no difference in the incidence of phlebitis around intravenous cannulae changed every 72 hours and those changed at 96 hours’ is an example of a:

A. Null hypothesis

B. Directional hypothesis

C. Non-directional hypothesis

D. Simple hypothesis

Answer: Null hypothesis


82. Which of the following statements meets the criteria for a researchable question?

A. Is the use of normal saline to cleanse wounds harmful to patients?

B. Do generalist registered nurses meet the mental health needs of general patients?

C. Do palliative care patients have spiritual needs?

D. What are the patients perceptions of the effectiveness of pre-operative education for total hip replacement?

Answer: What are the patients perceptions of the effectiveness of pre-operative education fortotal hip replacement?


83. The researcher needs to clearly identify the aim of the study; the question to be answered; the population of interest; information to be collected, and feasibility in order to decide on the research

A. Design and method

B. Design and assumptions

C. Purpose and data analysis

D. Purpose and assumptions

Answer: Design and method


84. A variable that changes due to the action of another variable is known as the

A. Independent variable

B. Extraneous variable

C. Complex variable

D. Dependent Variable

Answer: Dependent Variable


85. When planning to do social research, it is better to

A. Approach the topic with an open mind

B. Do a pilot study before getting stuck into it

C. Be familiar with the literature on the topic

D. Forget about theory because this is a very practical undertaking

Answer: Be familiar with the literature on the topic


86. Which comes first, theory or research?

A. Theory because otherwise you are working in the dark

B. Research because that is only the way you can develop a theory

C. It depends on your point of view

D. The question is meaningless, because you cannot have one without the other

Answer: It depends on your point of view


87. We review the relevant literature to know

A. What is already known about the topic

B. What concepts and theories have been applied to the topic

C. Who are the key contributors to the topic

D. All of the above

Answer: All of the above


88. A deductive theory is one that:

A. Allows theory to emerge out of the data

B. Involves testing an explicitly defined hypothesis

C. Allows for findings to feed back into the stock of knowledge

D. Uses qualitative methods whenever possible

Answer: Involves testing an explicitly defined hypothesis


89. Which of the following is not a type of research question?

A. Predicting an outcome

B. Evaluating a phenomenon

C. Developing good practice

D. A hypothesis

Answer: A hypothesis


90. Because of the number of things that can go wrong in research there is a need for:

A. Flexibility and Perseverance

B. Sympathetic supervisors

C. An emergency source of finance

D. Wisdom to know the right time to quit

Answer: Flexibility and Perseverance


91. __________ research seeks to investigate an area that has been under-researched with preliminary data that helps shape the direction for future research.

A. Descriptive

B. Exploratory

C. Explanatory

D. Positivist

Answer: Exploratory


92. Research questions in qualitative studies typically begin with which of the following words?

A. Why

B. How

C. What

D. All of the above

Answer: All of the above


93. Qualitative researchers seek to analyze which of the following?

A. Numerical data derived from the frequency of particular behaviors

B. Statistical associations between variables

C. The social meaning people attribute to their experiences and circumstances

D. All of the above

Answer: The social meaning people attribute to their experiences and circumstances


94. Which of the following is not a qualitative research methodology?

A. Randomized control trial

B. Ethnography

C. Grounded Theory

D. Phenomenology

Answer: Randomized control trial


95. Which of the following data collecting methods is not normally used in qualitative research?

A. Participant observation

B. Focus groups

C. Questionnaire

D. Semi-structured interview

Answer: Questionnaire


96. The following journal article would be an example of ——— research. “ The benefits of florescent lighting on production in a factory setting”

A. Applied

B. Basic

C. Interview

D. Stupid

Answer: Applied


97. The scientific method is preferred over other ways of knowing because it is more

A. Reliable

B. Systematic

C. Accurate

D. All of the above

Answer: All of the above


98. Quantitative researcher’s preoccupation with generalization is an attempt to:

A. Develop the law like findings of the natural sciences

B. Boost their chances of publication

C. Enhance the internal validity of the research

D. Demonstrate the complex techniques of statistical analysis

Answer: Develop the law like findings of the natural sciences


99. What is the basis of the scientific method?

A. To test hypotheses in conditions that are conducive to its success

B. To formulate a research problem and disprove the hypothesis

C. To formulate a research problem, test the hypothesis in carefully controlled conditions that challenge the hypothesis

D. To test hypotheses and if they are disproved, they should be abandoned completely

Answer: To formulate a research problem, test the hypothesis in carefully controlled conditions that challenge the hypothesis


100. A literature review requires

A. Planning

B. Clear writing

C. Good writing

D. All of the above

Answer: All of the above


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FAQ on Business Research Methods

Question-1: Why business research method is important?

Answer: Business research allows businesses to better understand their consumers’ purchasing habits, tastes, and pain concerns, as well as acquire deeper insights into competitors, current industry trends, and demographics.

Question-2: What is the purpose of business research?

Answer: The purpose of business research is to gather data to aid decision-making in the business world. The systematic and objective process of collecting, documenting, evaluating, and interpreting data for the purpose of solving managerial challenges is defined as business research.

Question-3: What are the two classification of business research?

Answer: There are two main types of business research corresponding to quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis.

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