What Does Monkeypox Look Like? All About Monkeypox

Monkeypox! what does it look like? This is a question being asked by many people after news broke that monkeypox has broken out in the world. Let’s explore what monkeypox looks like in more detail.

What Does Monkeypox Look Like?

Can you imagine a disease that keeps changing its appearance? It’s weird, but it’s the kind of thing you might be able to do if you’ve got monkeypox. What does monkeypox look like? See for yourself! Take a look at picture after picture of monkeypox and try to figure out what it really looks like. Some pictures show monkeypox in its weakest state, others depict it at its fiercest.

what does monkeypox look like

What Does Monkeypox Look Like in Various Stages?

1. In the first stage, which can last up to five days, patients experience fever, intense headaches, swelling of lymph nodes, muscle aches, and fatigue. WHO defines swollen lymph nodes as a symptom that distinguishes monkeypox from other illnesses that might appear similar, such as chickenpox, measles, and smallpox.

2. In the second stage, which usually starts one to three days after the appearance of fever, the infected person develops a rash, which is concentrated on the face and extremities.

In the majority of cases, the virus affects the face, palms of the hands, and soles of the feet. In most cases, the rash also affects the skin inside the mouth, including cheeks and lips.

While the initial rash involves lesions with a flat base, these eventually develop into slightly raised firm lesions, before filling with clear fluid and ultimately turning into pustules, filled with yellowish fluid.

What are the symptoms of monkeypox?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in humans, the symptoms of monkeypox are similar to but milder than the symptoms of smallpox. Monkeypox begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, and exhaustion. The main difference between the symptoms of smallpox and monkeypox is that monkeypox causes lymph nodes to swell (lymphadenopathy) while smallpox does not. The incubation period (time from infection to symptoms) for monkeypox is usually 7−14 days but can range from 5−21 days.

The illness begins with:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Backache
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion

Within 1 to 3 days (sometimes longer) after the appearance of fever, the patient develops a rash, often beginning on the face and then spreading to other parts of the body.

Lesions progress through the following stages before falling off:

  • Macules
  • Papules
  • Vesicles
  • Pustules
  • Scabs

The illness typically lasts for 2−4 weeks. In Africa, monkeypox has been shown to cause death in as many as 1 in 10 persons who contract the disease.

How monkeypox is transmitted?

Transmission of monkeypox virus occurs when a person comes into contact with the virus from an animal, human, or materials contaminated with the virus. The virus enters the body through broken skin (even if not visible), respiratory tract, or mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth).

Monkeypox is transmitted through direct contact with a patient’s bodily fluids and tissues.

The disease can be transmitted to humans through infected animals or by handling other infected animals. Exposure to an infected animal is usually through direct contact with the animal’s blood or body fluids, but it can also occur by inhaling aerosols produced by sick animals.

People do not get monkeypox from exposure to non-infected wild animals. The only known risk factor for contracting monkeypox is having close contact with a person who has been diagnosed with monkeypox.

FAQ on Monkeypox

How does a person get monkeypox?

Transmission of monkeypox virus occurs when a person comes into contact with the virus from an animal, human, or materials contaminated with the virus. The virus enters the body through broken skin (even if not visible), respiratory tract, or mucous membranes (eyes, nose, or mouth).

Is there a cure for monkeypox?

Currently, there is no proven, safe treatment for monkeypox virus infection. For purposes of controlling a monkeypox outbreak in the United States, the smallpox vaccine, antivirals, and vaccinia immune globulin (VIG) can be used. Learn more about the smallpox vaccine, antivirals, and VIG treatments.

Can monkeypox cause death?

According to the CDC, 1 in every 10 cases of monkeypox will result in death. Severe cases are more likely to cause death. Risk factors for severe cases include: being younger.

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