Agni-4, an Intermediate-Range ballistic missile, was successfully tested

On June 6, 2022, a successful training launch of an Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missile, Agni-4, was carried out from APJ Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha. The successful test was carried out as part of the Strategic Forces Command’s routine user training launches. The launch confirmed all operational parameters as well as the system’s reliability. The test’s success reinforces India’s goal of maintaining a “Credible Minimum Deterrence” capability.

What is a ballistic missile?

To deliver warheads to a target, a ballistic missile uses projectile motion. These weapons are only guided for a short timeβ€”the majority of the flight is unpowered. Intercontinental ballistic missiles are launched on a sub-orbital flight, while short-range ballistic missiles remain within the Earth’s atmosphere.

What are the differences between a missile and a ballistic missile?

πŸ‘‰ Cruise missiles are jet-propelled at subsonic speeds throughout their flights, while ballistic missiles are rocket-powered only in the initial (boost) phase of flight, after which they follow an arcing trajectory to the target.

πŸ‘‰ Cruise missiles are self-propelled for the majority of their time in the air, flying in a relatively straight line and at lower altitudes thanks to a rocket propellant. Think of a ballistic missile’s flight path as a large arc up and back down again, while that of a cruise missile β€” fired from a warship, for instance β€” is closer to a straight line.

πŸ‘‰ Ballistic missiles first came into use during World War II, when the Germans used a ballistic missile called the V-2 to attack London. British air defenses designed to stop aircraft couldn’t stop the V-2s, because the rockets traveled too high into the upper atmosphere and moved too fast.