Ethical Issues of Biotechnology MCQs and Answers

Are you looking for Ethical Issues of Biotechnology MCQs and Answers for medical entrance examinations? If yes, these are some most important multiple choice questions and answers on NCERT Class-12 Biology, Chapter-12 (Biotechnology and its Applications).

Here we composed these Ethical Issues of Biotechnology MCQs and Answers after reading the chapter on Biotechnology and its Applications from the NCERT book on Class 12 Biology. The questions are topics-wise and the students can relate the questions easily to the most important topics of this chapter.

Ethical Issues of Biotechnology MCQs and Answers

1. GEAC stands for ______

a) Genetic Ethical Approval Committee

b) Genetic Engineering Active Commission

c) Genetic Ethical Active Commission

d) Genetic Engineering Approval Committee

Answer: d


2. _______ is the right granted by a government to an inventor to prevent others from the commercial use of his invention.

a) Piracy

b) Ethics

c) Biosafety

d) Patents

Answer: d


3. The patents granted for biological entities and products derived from them are called ______

a) ethics

b) patents

c) bio-patents

d) biosafety

Answer: c


4. ______ includes rules of conduct that may be used to regulate our activities concerning the biological world.

a) Bio-piracy

b) Biosafety

c) Bioethics

d) Bio-patents

Answer: c


5. GEAC makes decisions regarding the validity and the safety of _______ organisms.

a) genetically modified

b) dead

c) damaged

d) infected

Answer: a


6. Which committee has been set to keep a check on GM research and GM product?

a) IARI

b) GEAC

c) NCCS

d) AIIMS

Answer: b


7. The manipulation of the human race goes further with the help of ______

a) termination

b) synthesis

c) initiation

d) regulation

Answer: d


8. ______ standards are required to evaluate the morality of all human activities.

a) Pathological

b) Social

c) Ethical

d) Psychological

Answer: c


9. Various measures taken to prevent any risks to normal organisms from transgenic organisms are known as ______

a) biosafety

b) patent

c) bio-patent

d) bio-piracy

Answer: a


10. GEAC is setup by _______ government.

a) Indian

b) American

c) Israel

d) Australian

Answer: a


11. Who are the major sufferers of bio-patents?

a) Traditional users

b) Traditional knowledge

c) Bioresources of the country of origin

d) Farmers

Answer: a


12. India alone has ______ varieties of rice.

a) 100,000

b) 200,000

c) 20,000

d) 10,000

Answer: b


13. About ____ varieties of Basmati rice are grown in India.

a) 30

b) 25

c) 37

d) 27

Answer: d


14. Basmati rice is distinct for its unique _______ and flavor.

a) shape

b) taste

c) aroma

d) vitamins

Answer: c


15. ______ herbal medicinal plant is tried to be patented by India.

a) Neem

b) Tomato

c) Potato

d) Basmati

Answer: a


16. The Indian Parliament has recently cleared the ______ amendment of the Indian Patents Bill.

a) eight

b) first

c) third

d) second

Answer: d


17. The Indian Patents Bill takes issues such as ______ into consideration.

a) biology

b) biodegradation

c) patent terms

d) vaccination

Answer: c


What are the ethical issues of biotechnology?

This is a question that is often debated among experts in the field. There are a number of ethical considerations that need to be taken into account when it comes to biotechnology, including the impact of technology on human health, the environment, and animals.

One of the main ethical issues associated with biotechnology is the potential for misuse. For example, if genetic engineering is used to create new organisms that are more resistant to diseases, there is a risk that these organisms could be used as biological weapons. There is also a concern that biotechnology could be used to create designer babies, which would give parents the ability to create children with specific characteristics. Another ethical issue that has been raised is the possibility that biotechnology could be used to clone humans.

When it comes to the impact of biotechnology on human health, there are a number of potential risks that need to be considered. For example, the introduction of genetically modified organisms into the environment could lead to unforeseen health consequences. Additionally, there is a concern that biotechnology could be used to create new diseases or to enhance existing ones.

The impact of biotechnology on the environment is another area of concern. There is a risk that genetically modified organisms could escape into the wild and cause unintended environmental consequences. Additionally, the use of pesticides and herbicides could have a negative impact on the environment.

Finally, the impact of biotechnology on animals is another area of concern. There is a risk that animals could be genetically modified for human purposes, which could lead to animal suffering. Additionally, there is a concern that animals could be used as test subjects for new biotechnology products.

FAQs on Ethical Issues of Biotechnology

Q1. What is biotechnology?

Answer: Biotechnology is the use of living cells and other biological molecules to create or modify products for specific purposes. It can be used to create new medicines, improve food crops, or generate renewable energy sources, among other things.

Q2. What are the ethical concerns around biotechnology?

Answer: Some people worry that biotechnology will be used to create “designer babies” with predetermined characteristics, or that it will be used to create new organisms that could harm the environment. Others are concerned about the potential for misuse of biotechnology, such as using it to create biological weapons.

Q3. What are the benefits of biotechnology?

Answer: Biotechnology can be used to create new medicines and treatments for diseases, improve food crops, and generate renewable energy sources. It also has the potential to help clean up environmental contamination.

Q4. How is biotechnology regulated?

Answer: In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates products that are made using biotechnology. The FDA assesses the safety and efficacy of these products before they can be sold.

Q5. Are there any international treaties or conventions that govern biotechnology?

Answer: Yes, there are a number of international treaties and conventions that regulate various aspects of biotechnology. For example, the Convention on Biological Diversity sets rules for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, including living organisms.

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