Are you looking for Decomposition MCQs and Answers for medical entrance examinations? If yes, these are some most important multiple choice questions and answers on NCERT Class-12 Biology, Chapter-14 (Ecosystem).
Here we composed these Decomposition MCQs and Answers after reading the chapter on Ecosystem from the NCERT book on Class 12 Biology. The questions are topics-wise and the students can relate the questions easily to the most important topics of this chapter.
Decomposition MCQs and Answers
1. Which organism is said to be a farmer’s friend?
2. Which are the organisms called those who are responsible for the break down complex organic matter into inorganic substances?
3. What is the process of break down complex organic matter into inorganic substances called?
4. What are the complex organic remains such as dead animal remains, dead plant remains, and fecal matter called?
5. Which organisms carry out the fragmentation of detritus?
6. Which of the following is an example of detritivore?
7. What is the process of secretion of digestive enzymes by decomposers to convert insoluble complex organic molecules into simple soluble organic and inorganic molecules called?
8. What is the process called when detritivores feed on larger pieces and leave smaller fragments behind?
9. What is the process of the formation of a dark-colored amorphous substance called?
10. What is the dark amorphous organic matter rich in cellulose and lignin that is highly resistant to any microbial action and decomposes at a slower rate called?
11. What is the percolation of the soluble substances formed due to decomposition called?
12. Which substances are formed along with humus due to the decomposition process?
a) Organic substances
c) Inorganic substance
13. What is the process of release of inorganic substances both minerals and non-minerals from organic matter called?
14. How many steps are involved in the process of decomposition?
15. What does decomposition depend on?
d) Carbon monoxide
16. Along with oxygen what are the other components decomposition depend on?
b) Chemical composition of detritus
17. Along with oxygen what are the other components decomposition depend on?
a) Climatic conditions
18. At what rate does decomposition occur when detritus is rich in nitrogen and sugars?
19. At what rate does decomposition occur when detritus is rich in lignin and chitin?
20. What environment is favorable for the process of decomposition?
a) Low temperature and anaerobic conditions
b) High temperature
c) Warm and moist
21. What environment is unfavorable for the process of decomposition?
b) Low temperature and anaerobic conditions
d) Having good humus
When materials decompose, they break down into smaller pieces. Decomposition is a natural process that happens to everything. It is the way the Earth recycles materials.
There are different types of decomposition. Some examples are:
–Chemical decomposition: This is when a substance breaks down into smaller pieces through a chemical reaction.
–Physical decomposition: This is when a substance breaks down into smaller pieces through physical means, such as grinding or crushing.
–Biological decomposition: This is when living things, like bacteria and fungi, break down materials.
Here are some frequently asked questions about decomposition:
FAQs on Decomposition
Q: How long does it take for materials to decompose?
A: It depends on the material and the conditions. Some materials, like paper and leaves, decompose quickly. Others, like plastic and metal, take much longer.
Q: What happens to the material when it decomposes?
A: The material is broken down into smaller pieces. Some of the material may be used by bacteria and fungi, and some may be dissolved in water.
Q: Can decomposition be stopped?
A: No, decomposition is a natural process that happens to everything. However, you can slow it down by keeping materials dry and out of direct sunlight.
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