Discuss the problems faced by tribal women in India and the measures taken by the government to address these problems.

Tribal women in India face a number of problems that prevent them from fully enjoying their rights and participating in society on an equal footing with other citizens.

One of the biggest problems they face is a lack of access to education. While the Indian constitution guarantees free and compulsory education for all children between the ages of 6 and 14, this right is often not respected in practice, especially in remote and rural areas where most tribes live. As a result, many tribal women grow up illiterate, which limits their opportunities in life and makes them more vulnerable to exploitation.

Another big problem is the high levels of violence against tribal women. In India, violence against women is a rampant and widespread problem, affecting women of all social classes and backgrounds. But tribal women are particularly vulnerable to violence, both from within their own communities and from outside forces. This includes physical and sexual violence, as well as forced marriage, and so-called “honor killings.”

Tribal women also suffer from a lack of access to essential services like healthcare and sanitation. This is due to both a lack of government investment in tribal areas and the discrimination that tribal people face when trying to access services in the mainstream. As a result, tribal women often give birth without skilled medical help and do not have access to safe drinking water or sanitation facilities.

Finally, tribal women are often economically marginalized and live in poverty. This is due to a combination of factors, including the discrimination they face in the job market, the low levels of education they often have, and the lack of opportunities for economic development in their communities.

The government has taken some measures to address these problems, but more needs to be done. There need to be more programs and policies in place that specifically target the problems faced by tribal women. Only then will they be able to lead full and equal lives. Some of the Government measures to address these problems are:

1. Many states have passed anti-witch legislation and proposed stringent punishment, but witch hunting continues unabated.

2. Government has reserved 33% seats for women in civic bodies. This applies even to tribal women. But as we have seen in the case of NAGA women, these rights are seldom recognized.

3. Adivasi Mahila Sashaktikaran Yojana helps tribal women in undertaking any income generation activity.

4. Several fellowships and hostels have been arranged for a better future for tribal women.

Tribal women enjoy greater freedom in many areas when compared to mainstream women. But they also face many peculiar problems due to tribal customary laws and traditions and patriarchal mindset. It is time government properly implements schemes meant for their empowerment.