Panchayati Raj, the system of decentralized self-government, was introduced in Andhra Pradesh in 1959. The Panchayati Raj Act was passed by the state legislature in 1960, and the first panchayats were elected in 1961.
Since then, the Panchayati raj system has undergone several changes and reforms. The 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Constitution, passed in 1992, recognized the panchayats as institutions of self-government and mandated that States provide them with adequate resources and powers.
In Andhra Pradesh, the Panchayati Raj system is governed by the Panchayat Raj Act of 1994. The Act provides for a three-tier system of panchayats, with village, intermediate, and district levels.
The village level is the foundation of the system, and each village has a gram panchayat. The intermediate level is made up of mandal parishads, and the district level is the Zilla Parishad.
Panchayati Raj is an important tool for decentralized governance and empowered communities. It strengthens democracy at the grassroots level and gives people a greater say in their own development.
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