Stubble burning is the process of burning the straw stubble that remains after harvesting crops. The practice is used to dispose of the straw, clear the field for the next season’s planting, and to provide heat for threshing.
What is stubble burning?
The burning of agricultural residues is a process of burning the stalks, stubble, or husks left after the harvesting of crops. The practice is used in many parts of the world to clear the fields for the next planting.
What are the effects of stubble burning?
Stubble burning, while it can be effective in clearing fields and removing stubble, also has a number of negative effects. The smoke and particulates released by the burning can cause respiratory problems, and the fires can also lead to soil erosion.
What are the alternatives to stubble burning?
There are a few alternatives to stubble burning that farmers can use to dispose of their crop residue. One option is to leave the residue on the ground to decompose, which can take several months. Another option is to use a harvester to chop the residue into small pieces, which speeds up the decomposition process. A third option is to use a baler to compress the residue into small bales, which can also help to speed up the decomposition process.
Despite the benefits of stubble burning, the practice has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years due to the negative environmental impacts it can have. These impacts include the release of harmful pollutants into the air, which can cause respiratory problems and other health issues.