Manufacturing and Transportation Industries MCQs and Answers

1. Which of the following was NOT a factor contributing to the development of the manufacturing and transportation industries in India during colonisation?

a. The British East India Company’s monopoly on Indian Trade

b. The raw materials and labour available in India

c. The technological advances of the Industrial Revolution

d. The British Crown’s demand for Indian products

Answer: d

Explanation: India’s manufacturing and transportation industries underwent a dramatic transformation during the era of British colonialism. A number of factors contributed to this development, including the British East India Company’s monopoly on Indian trade, the availability of raw materials and labour in India, and the technological advances of the Industrial Revolution. However, there was one key factor that did not contribute to the development of these industries in India: the British government’s policy of deindustrialisation.

During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, the British government adopted a policy of deindustrialisation in India. This policy was intended to benefit the British economy by protecting British industries from competition from Indian manufacturers. As a result, the development of the manufacturing and transportation industries in India was severely hindered.

Despite the British government’s policy of deindustrialisation, the manufacturing and transportation industries in India were able to grow and flourish due to the other factors mentioned above. The British East India Company’s monopoly on Indian trade allowed Indian manufacturers to sell their products to a captive market, while the availability of raw materials and labour made it possible to produce goods at a lower cost than in Britain. In addition, the technological advances of the Industrial Revolution were quickly adopted by Indian industry, allowing for further growth and development.


2. Why did the British East India Company establish a monopoly on Indian Trade?

a. To control the market

b. To discourage competition

c. To increase profits

d. To prevent the development of Indian industry

Answer: c

Explanation: The British East India Company was founded in 1600 with the aim of establishing a monopoly on Indian trade. The company was able to achieve this by obtaining a royal charter from Queen Elizabeth I. The charter gave the company the exclusive right to trade with India. The company quickly became successful and began to expand its operations. By the early 1700s, the company had a virtual monopoly on Indian trade. This allowed the company to become extremely wealthy. Unfortunately, this wealth was often used to finance the British government’s wars in India.


3. What impact did the British Crown’s demand for Indian products have on the development of the manufacturing and transportation industries in India?

a. It spurred competition and innovation.

b. It increased commercial agricultural production

c. It encouraged the development of infrastructure.

d. It placed restrictions on Indian industry.

Answer: b

Explanation: The British Crown’s demand for Indian products had a significant impact on the development of the manufacturing and transportation industries in India. The demand for Indian goods increased substantially, and the manufacturing and transportation industries in India had to expand to meet this demand. This expansion led to the development of new technologies and the growth of these industries in India. Economically, it was an era of increased commercial agricultural production.


4. What was one reason the British East India Company did not encourage the development of industry in India?

a. They were worried about competition.

b. They wanted to maintain their monopoly.

c. They believed that Indian industry was not developed enough.

d. They did not want to invest in Indian industry.

Answer: b

Explanation: The British East India Company did not encourage the development of industry in India for a number of reasons. Firstly, the company was focused on extracting raw materials from the country, which were then shipped back to Britain to be used in manufacturing there. Secondly, the company was concerned that industrial development in India would make the country more self-sufficient and less reliant on British goods. Finally, the company feared that industrialization would lead to social and political unrest in India.


5. What was one consequence of the British East India Company’s monopoly on Indian Trade?

a. The development of the Indian transportation industry

b. The decline of the Indian manufacturing industry

c. The rise of the Indian middle class

d. The decline of standard of the Indian product

Answer: b

Explanation: The East India Company’s monopoly on Indian Trade had several consequences, both for the company and for India. First, the company became very wealthy and powerful, as it was able to control the trade of an entire country. This gave them a great deal of influence both in Britain and in India. Second, the company’s monopoly led to a great deal of corruption, as company officials used their power to line their own pockets. Finally, the people of India suffered, as they were often forced to buy expensive goods from the company, and were also the victims of the company’s often brutal treatment.


6. What was the main mode of transportation in India during colonization?

a. Roads

b. Animal-drawn carts

c. Ships

d. Airplanes

Answer:

Explanation: During the British colonization of India, the main mode of transportation was by road. This was due to the lack of a good infrastructure for railways. The road network was not very developed and most of the transport was done by bullock carts.


7. What was the primary purpose of the transportation system in India during colonization?

a. To move troops and supplies

b. To transport raw materials

c. To move finished goods

d. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation: The primary purpose of the transportation system in India during colonization was to move troops and supplies. This was necessary in order to maintain control over the country and its resources. However, the transportation of raw materials and finished goods was also an important part of the system. This allowed for the flow of commerce and the exchange of goods between the colonies and the rest of the world.


8. What were the main goods exported from India during the colonial period?

a. Raw silk

b. Cotton

c. Wool

d. All of these

Answer: d

Explanation: The main goods exported from India during the colonial period were raw silk, cotton, wool, sugar, indigo, jute, and other agricultural products. These commodities were in high demand in Europe and other parts of the world, and helped to fuel the British economy. The export of these goods also had a profound impact on Indian society, as it led to the growth of large-scale plantation agriculture and the rise of the merchant class.


9. How did the British benefit from the railways in India?

a. By reducing transportation costs

b. By increasing trade and commerce

c. By facilitating military transportation

d. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation: The railways in India were built by the British during the colonial era. They were a key part of the British Raj and facilitated transportation of people and goods across the vast subcontinent. The railways also played an important role in the economic development of India. The British benefited from the railways in India in several ways. Firstly, they reduced transportation costs and made it easier to transport goods and people around the country. Secondly, the railways increased trade and commerce by making it easier to move goods around. Finally, the railways facilitated military transportation and made it easier for the British to move troops around the country. The railways in India have had a profound impact on the country’s development. They have played a crucial role in the economic and social progress of the country. The British benefited greatly from the railways during their time in India, and they continue to play an important role in the country today.


10. What was the impact of the railways on India?

a. It led to the displacement of large numbers of people

b. It lost new employment opportunities

c. It resulted in a decrease in taxes

d. All of the above

Answer: a

Explanation: The railways were introduced to India in 1853 and had a profound impact on the country. They greatly enhanced connectivity between different parts of the country and facilitated the movement of people and goods. The railways also played a key role in the economic development of India.

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