Forest Resources in India MCQs and Answers

Forest resources are an important part of India’s economy and ecology. However, many people do not understand the role of forests in India. This blog post provides MCQs and answers about India’s forests to help people learn more about this important topic.

Forest Resources in India MCQs and Answers

1. Which of the following are the types of forest resources in India?

a. Timber

b. Bamboo

c. Medicinal plants

d. All of these

Answer:

Explanation: India is blessed with a variety of forests, each with their own unique resources. Here are some of the most common types of forest resources found in India:

  • Timber: India is home to a variety of hardwood trees which make for excellent timber. This resource is used in construction, furniture-making, and a variety of other industries.
  • Bamboo: Bamboo is another common forest resource in India. It is used in a variety of applications including construction, crafts, and even food.
  • medicinal plants: India’s forests are also home to a wealth of medicinal plants. These plants are used in traditional Indian medicine and are becoming increasingly popular in the Western world as well.
  • Fruit and nuts: India’s forests are also a great source of fruit and nuts. These resources are used for food, as well as cosmetics and other products.
  • Wildlife: India’s forests are home to a wealth of wildlife, including some endangered species. This resource is important for both conservation and tourism.

2. Which of the following are the type of forest resource in India?

a. Tropical Moist Deciduous Forests

b. Littoral & Swamp Forests

c. Tropical Dry Deciduous Forests             

d. All of these

Answer: d

Explanation: The forests of India are some of the most biologically diverse in the world. They are home to an incredible array of plant and animal species, including many that are found nowhere else on Earth.

There are several different types of forest resources in India, each with its own unique characteristics.

Tropical evergreen forests are found in the wetter parts of the country, and are home to a wide variety of plants and animals.

Tropical deciduous forests are found in the drier parts of the country and are composed of trees that lose their leaves during the dry season.

Swamps are found in areas with high water tables, and are home to a variety of aquatic plants and animals.

Mangroves are found in coastal areas and are characterized by their dense growth of mangrove trees.

Sub-tropical forests are found in the foothills of the Himalayan mountains and are characterized by their cooler temperatures and higher rainfall.

Montane forests are found in the higher altitude regions of the Himalayan mountains and are characterized by their colder temperatures and lower rainfall.

Scrub forests are found in arid and semi-arid regions and are characterized by their sparse growth of trees and shrubs.

Sub-alpine forests are found in the higher altitude regions of the Himalayan mountains and are characterized by their cold temperatures and heavy snowfall.

Alpine forests are found in the highest altitude regions of the Himalayan mountains and are characterized by their extremely cold temperatures and large amounts of snowfall.


3. Which of the following types of forest resource is renewable?

a. Soil

b. Water

c. Timber

d. fossil fuels

Answer: d

Explanation: Forests are an important renewable resource, providing many ecosystem services including climate regulation, water purification, and habitat for wildlife. Consequently, the sustainable management of forests is critical for maintaining their ecological integrity and functions.

There are many ways to sustainably manage forests, and one of the key tools is forest certification. Forest certification is a voluntary process that provides a way for consumers to identify products from responsibly managed forests. Certification systems vary in their requirements, but all aim to promote sustainable forest management.


4. Which of the following types of forest resource is found in abundance in India?

a. Tropical dry deciduous forests

b. Montane temperate forest

c. Alpine forest

d. Moist tropical forest

Answer: a

Explanation: The most common forest type in India is tropical dry deciduous Forest. India has a huge range of climatic conditions, and as a result, a huge variety of forest types. The tropical dry deciduous forest is the most widespread and covers around 60% of India’s forest area. These forests are found in the hot, dry regions of the country and are characterized by their sparse tree cover and patches of bare ground. The main tree species found in these forests are teak, sal, and mahogany.


5. What percentage of India is covered with forest and trees?

a. 34.62%

b. 14.62%

c. 36.62%

d. 24.62%

Answer: d

Explanation: India is home to a wide variety of trees and forests, covering 24.62% of the country. This is good news for the environment, as forests play a vital role in regulating the climate and providing habitats for wildlife.

However, the country’s forest cover is actually two-thirds of what it should be, according to international standards. This means that there is still a lot of work to be done in terms of tree planting and forest conservation.

The good news is that the government is taking steps to improve the situation. For example, the National Mission for a Green India aims to increase forest cover to 33% of the country’s land area by 2022. This is an ambitious target, but it’s one that we should all strive to achieve.


6. On the basis of nature and size, which of the following fire is NOT the type of forest fire?

a. Surface fire

b. Ground fire

c. Tree fire

d. Firestorm

Answer: c

Explanation: Tree fires are not the same as forest fires. While both are fires that burn trees, tree fires are typically smaller in scope and do not involve the entire forest. Forest fires, on the other hand, are much larger fires that can burn through an entire forest.


7. Which one of the following States has the highest percentage of area under forests?

a. Himachal Pradesh

b. Assam

c. Andhra Pradesh

d. Arunachal Pradesh

Answer: d

Explanation: Arunachal Pradesh has the highest percentage of area under forests in the whole of India. This is because the state has a large number of river valleys and mountains which are covered in forests. The state is also home to some of the rarest and most endangered animals in the world like the red pandas and snow leopards.


8. Which of the following is not a type of forest in dry or land area?

a. Tropical rainforest

b. Tropical dry forest

c. Tropical deciduous forest

d. Mangrove forests

Answer: d

Explanation: Mangrove forests are not a type of forest in dry or land area. They are actually a type of wetland, which is a habitat that is transitional between land and water. Mangrove forests are important because they provide a home for many different species of plants and animals. They also help to protect coastlines from erosion and storm damage.


9. What is the primary cause of deforestation in India?

a. Illegal logging

b. Cattle ranching

c. Small-scale agriculture

d. Forest fires

Answer: c

Explanation: Small-scale agriculture is the primary cause of deforestation in India. Deforestation has a range of negative impacts, including on the climate, biodiversity, and local communities. It also contributes to air and water pollution, and can cause soil erosion. Small-scale farmers often clear forest land to create new farmland, using slash-and-burn methods. This practice is not only unsustainable, but it also destroys vital ecosystems.


10. What are the consequences of deforestation in India?

a. Soil erosion

b. loss of biodiversity

c. droughts

d. all of the above

Answer: d

Explanation: Deforestation in India is having a number of negative consequences, including soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, and droughts.

Soil erosion is a major problem caused by deforestation. When trees are removed, the soil is no longer stabilized and can be easily washed away by rain or winds. This results in loss of topsoil, which is essential for plant growth.

Loss of biodiversity is another consequence of deforestation in India. With the loss of trees and other vegetation, animals that depend on them for food and shelter are also lost. This can lead to a decline in populations of these animals, and can even cause extinction.

Droughts are another serious consequence of deforestation. When trees are removed, there is less evapotranspiration, which means that less water is returned to the atmosphere. This can lead to drought conditions, which can then lead to food and water shortages.

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