Land Resources in India MCQs and Answers

Land resources are a key factor in India’s economy. India has a large population, and the demand for land is high. India also has a large area, and the potential for agriculture is high. However, India’s land resources are not evenly distributed. The north and west of India have more resources than the east and south. India is working to improve the distribution of resources, and to use them more efficiently.

Land Resources in India MCQs and Answers

1. India has land under a variety of relief features such as

a. Mountains

b. Plateaus

c. Plains

d. All of these

Answer: d

Explanation: India has land under a variety of relief features such as mountains, plateaus, plains and coastal areas. Each of these regions has its own unique features, which make it an ideal destination for different types of travelers. Whether you’re looking for a place to relax and enjoy the natural beauty, or an adventure-filled destination, India has something to offer everyone.


2. Which per cent of the area of India is the plain?

a. 40 percent

b. 43 percent

c. 45 percent

d. 49 percent

Answer: b

Explanation: Around 43 percent of the world’s land area is plain. This means that a large portion of the world is covered in land that is relatively flat. This can make it difficult to find places to live that are not on the plain.


3. Which per cent of the area of India is the Mountains?

a. 10 percent

b. 20 percent

c. 30 percent

d. 40 percent

Answer: c

Explanation: India is a land of mountains. About 30% of the land in India is covered by mountains. The Himalayan mountain range is the highest mountain range in the world and it runs through the northern part of India. The mountain ranges in India include the Himalayas, the Aravallis, the Vindhyas, the Satpuras, the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats.


4. Which per cent of the area of India is the plateau region?

a. 21 percent

b. 23 percent

c. 27 percent

d. 29 percent

Answer: c

Explanation: The physiographic distribution of the earth’s surface can be expressed in percentage of total area as follows: 30% mountains, 27.7% plateaus, and 43.2% plains. This data tells us that the majority of the earth’s surface is made up of plains, with mountains and plateaus making up a smaller percentage.


5. Land resources are used for which purposes?

a. Food

b. Fibre

c. Fuel

d. All of these

Answer: d

Explanation: The production of food, fibre, fuel and other biotic materials is vital for human survival. Without these things, we would not be able to survive. The provision of biological habitats for plants, animals and micro-organisms is also important, as it allows them to thrive and continue to provide us with the things we need to survive.


6. A continuous are of land surrounded by ocean is called

a. Seashore

b. Beach

c. Landmass

d. Wetland

Answer: c

Explanation: A landmass is a large, continuous area of land surrounded by ocean. The term can be used to refer to either a continent or a large island. Landmasses are important for both physical and political reasons. They are home to many different kinds of ecosystems and provide a variety of resources. Politically, landmasses are often used as units for measuring area or population.


7. Land capable of being ploughed and used to grow crops is called as

a. Domestic land

b. Arable land

c. Un arable land

d. Dry land

Answer: b

Explanation: Arable land is land that can be ploughed and used to grow crops. It is a vital part of agriculture and helps to produce food for both people and animals. There are many factors that can affect the quality of arable land, including the type of soil, the climate and the amount of rainfall. Arable land also needs to be well drained, so that excess water can be removed and the crops can grow successfully. There are many different types of crops that can be grown on arable land, including cereals, vegetables and fruits. Arable land is also used for grazing animals, such as sheep and cows.


8. Wearing away of a field’s topsoil by the natural physical forces of water and wind is known as

a. Wind erosion

b. Soil erosion

c. Water erosion

d. Sand erosion

Answer: b

Explanation: Soil erosion is a major problem for farmers around the world. The topsoil is the most fertile layer of the soil and is essential for plant growth. When this topsoil is washed away by water or wind, it can negatively impact crop yields. In some cases, soil erosion can even lead to desertification.

There are a number of ways to prevent soil erosion. One is to cover the soil with vegetation, which will help hold the soil in place. Another is to use barriers such as windbreaks or walls. Finally, careful management of water resources can help reduce the amount of water available to wash away the topsoil.


9. Estimate of the ability of soils to resist erosion, based on the physical characteristics of each soil is known as

a. Soil erodibility

b. Soil erosion

c. Soil potentiality

d. Soil neutrality

Answer: a

Explanation: Erosion is a major problem for farmers and landowners. The amount of soil loss each year can be tremendous, and it is essential to have a good estimate of the ability of soils to resist erosion. The Soil Conservation Service has developed a soil erodibility index that is based on the physical characteristics of each soil. This index is a useful tool for estimating the potential for soil erosion.


10. Low lying tract of land enclosed by dikes that forms an artificial hydrological entity is known as

a. Polder

b. Resign

c. Derelict

d. Catchment

Answer: a

Explanation: A polder is a low-lying tract of land enclosed by dikes that forms an artificial hydrological entity. Polders are usually found in river deltas, coastal areas, and low-lying areas prone to flooding.

Polders are created by building dikes around a low-lying area of land. The dikes act as barriers to keep water out of the polder. Polders are often created for agricultural or other economic purposes.

Polders can be found in many parts of the world, including the Netherlands, Belgium, and other European countries, as well as in Japan, China, and India.

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