Natural Resources — Land, Water, and Forest Cover MCQs and Answers

Do you know what makes up a natural resource? In this blog post, we’ll answer that question and provide some quiz questions and answers to help you test your knowledge. Natural resources include land, water, and forest cover, and each one is essential for our planet’s health and well-being. Let’s take a closer look at each one.

Natural Resources — Land, Water, and Forest Cover MCQs

1. Which of the following is not a renewable resource?

a. Solar energy

b. Water

c. Wind energy

d. Fossil fuels

Answer: d

Explanation: Fossil fuels are not renewable resources. This is because they are formed from the remains of plants and animals that died millions of years ago. Once these resources are used up, they cannot be replaced. While there are many alternative energy sources available, they are not yet able to completely replace fossil fuels. This is why it’s so important to conserve these resources and use them wisely.


2. What is the main use of forests?

a. To provide space for buildings and infrastructure

b. To produce food and fiber

c. To support wildlife

d. All of the above

Answer: d

Explanation: There are many uses for forests, but the three main ones are to provide space for buildings and infrastructure, to produce food and fiber, and to support wildlife. Forests are important for providing space for buildings and infrastructure, such as homes, hospitals, schools, and roads. They also help to produce food and fiber, such as lumber, paper, and food. And finally, forests support wildlife by providing habitat and food.


3. Which one represents the regulative function of forests?

a. storage and release of gases

b. production of essential oils

c. production of wood

d. conservation of water and soil

Answer: a

Explanation: Forests play an important role in regulating the storage and release of gases. Trees and other vegetation absorb greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and release oxygen back into it. This helps to keep our planet’s climate in balance. Forests also help to store water and release it slowly into the environment, which helps to regulate the water cycle. And by providing shade and shelter, forests help to protect against extremes of weather. All of these regulative functions of forests are essential for life on Earth. We need to do everything we can to protect our forests and ensure they continue to thrive.


4. Deforestation may reduce the chances of

a. frequent landslides

b. erosion of surface soil

c. rainfall

d. frequent cyclones

Answer: c

Explanation: Deforestation may reduce the chances of rainfall, as trees play an important role in the water cycle. Trees help to regulate the climate and help to keep the ground moist. When trees are removed, the ground becomes drier and the climate becomes more variable. This can lead to less rainfall and more droughts.


5. Soil conservation is the process where

a. soil is aerated

b. soil is protected against loss

c. sterile soil is converted to fertile soil

d. soil erosion is allowed

Answer: b

Explanation: Soil is a vital natural resource that supports all life on Earth. Soil conservation is the process of protecting this vital resource against loss. There are many ways to conserve soil, including reducing or eliminating tillage, planting cover crops, and using erosion-control structures. No-tillage systems are one of the most effective ways to conserve soil. In no-tillage systems, crops are planted without disturbing the soil. This reduces soil erosion and keeps more soil on the field. Cover crops are another effective way to conserve soil. Cover crops are planted between main crops and help hold the soil in place. They also help improve soil fertility and water-holding capacity.


6. Which of the following is an anti-forest conservation activity?

a. preservation of wild animals

b. preservation of fires

c. clear felling

d. economy in lumbering

Answer: c

Explanation: Clear felling is the process of completely removing a tree from an area. This is often done in order to make way for development or other land-use activities. Though it may seem like clear felling would be bad for forests, in some cases it can actually be a conservation activity. This is because clear felling can help to thin out an overgrown forest, which can improve the overall health of the forest. Additionally, clear felling can create open spaces in the forest which can be used as habitat for wildlife.


7. The energy produced by the hydel-power plant is

a. Non-polluting and non-renewable

b. Polluting and non-renewable

c. Non-polluting and renewable

d. Polluting and renewable

Answer: c

Explanation: The hydel power plant is one of the most efficient and eco-friendly power plants in existence. The energy produced by the hydel power plant is non-polluting and renewable. The hydel power plant does not produce any greenhouse gases, and thus, does not contribute to global warming.


8. This is an example of non-polluting renewable type of energy

a. tidal

b. wind

c. solar

d. all of these

Answer: d

Explanation: As the world looks for ways to reduce pollution and reliance on fossil fuels, renewable energy is becoming increasingly important. One type of renewable energy that is particularly promising is solar energy. Solar energy is a clean, non-polluting source of power that can be used to generate electricity or heat. Solar power is becoming increasingly affordable as technology improves and more people adopt it. In addition, solar energy is a renewable resource that will never run out. With the world facing serious environmental challenges, solar energy is a promising solution that can help us move towards a cleaner, more sustainable future.


9. Which pf the following are considered as non-renewable organic resources

a. Water, air and minerals

b. natural gas, oil and coal

c. wood, water and natural pastures

d. sand, air and clay

Answer: b

Explanation: Natural gas, oil and coal are all considered to be non-renewable organic resources. This means that they are not replenished by natural processes at the same rate at which they are used. In other words, we are using these resources faster than they can be replaced. This is not sustainable in the long term, and it is important that we find ways to use these resources more efficiently and/or replace them with renewable alternatives. Natural gas, oil and coal have been the foundation of our industrial civilization, but we cannot continue to rely on them indefinitely. We must find a way to move beyond them.


10. Which of the following is not a natural resource?

a. Minerals

b. Land

c. Water

d. Electricity

Answer: d

Explanation: Electricity is not a natural resource, but it is an important part of our lives. It is a man-made resource that we use to power our homes and businesses. While it is not a natural resource, it is a renewable resource. This means that we can generate electricity from renewable sources, such as solar and wind power.

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