Water Resources in India MCQs and Answers

If you’re looking for information on water resources in India, you’ve come to the right place. This blog provides MCQs and answers on a range of topics related to water resources, including water availability, water usage, and water management. So whether you’re a student looking for help with your studies or just interested in learning more about this important topic, you’ll find what you’re looking for here.

Water Resources in India MCQs and Answers

1. What is the main source of water in India?

a. Rivers

b. Lakes

c. Groundwater

d. Rainfall

Answer: c

Explanation: Water is a vital resource for all life on Earth. In India, water is especially important as it is used for irrigation, drinking, and industry. Groundwater and surface water are the two main sources of fresh water in India. Groundwater is water that is found beneath the ground. It is stored in the pores of rocks and in aquifers. Groundwater is often used for drinking and for irrigation. Surface water is water that is found on the surface of the Earth, such as in rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. Surface water is used for many purposes, including drinking, irrigation, and industry.


2. What is the main river in India?

a. Ganga

b. Yamuna

c. Krishna

d. Godavari

Answer: a

Explanation: Ganga is the main river in India and is also one of the holiest rivers in the country. Every year, millions of Hindus pilgrimage to the river to take a dip in its waters.  The river is also a major source of water for many Indian cities and towns. In recent years, the Indian government has been working to clean up the river and make it even more of a resource for the country.


3. What is the average annual rainfall in India?

a. 75 cm

b. 118 cm

c. 150 cm

d. 250 cm

Answer: b

Explanation: The average rainfall in India is 118 cm according to annual data from the Meteorological Department. The wet season lasts from June to September, and the dry season from October to May. The average rainfall during the wet season is higher than during the dry season.


4. Which of the following is the deepest river in India?

a) Ganga

b) Brahmaputra

c) Indus

d) Narmada

Answer: b

Explanation: The Brahmaputra river is the deepest river in India, with depths reaching up to 380 feet. It is one of the largest rivers of the world, and has its origin in the Chemayungdung glacier of the Kailash range near the Mansarovar lake. The river is an important source of water for both irrigation and drinking water, and supports a large population of people who depend on it for their livelihoods. The river is also home to a wide variety of wildlife, including many endangered species.


5. Which of the following is the largest freshwater lake in India?

a) Wular Lake

b) Sambhar Lake

c) Pulicat Lake

d) Chilika Lake

Answer: a

Explanation: Wular Lake, situated in Bandipora district of Jammu and Kashmir, is the largest freshwater lake in India and one of the biggest in Asia. The lake is fed by the Jhelum River and is a popular tourist destination.


6. Which of the following is the largest saltwater lake in India?

a) Wular Lake

b) Sambhar Lake

c) Pulicat Lake

d) Chilika Lake

Answer: d

Explanation: According to the NCERT data, Chilika Lake is the largest saltwater lake in India. It is located in the state of Odisha and is a popular spot for tourist activities. The lake is home to a variety of bird species and is a haven for bird watching. It is also a popular spot for fishing and boating.


7. On which river has Nagarjun Sager Dam been constructed?

a. River Coyana

b. River Krishna

c. River Godavari

d. river Tapti

Answer: b

Explanation: The Krishna river is one of the major rivers in India, and it has been the site of many major dams and infrastructure projects. Recently, the Nagarjun Sagar Dam was constructed on the river, and it has been a major source of power and water for the region. The dam has been a major boon for the development of the region, and it has helped to improve the quality of life for the people who live there.


8. What is the rank of India in the world countries in the terms of Water availability per person p.a.?

a. 129th

b. 130th

c. 131st

d. 133rd

Answer: d

Explanation: India is a water-stressed country, receiving only 4 percent of the global precipitation. This puts the country at 133 in the world in terms of water availability per person per annum. India is also home to almost 18 percent of the world’s population. With such a large population and limited water resources, it is no wonder that water shortages and water-related conflict are common in the country.


9. Roof top rainwater harvesting is the most common practice in

a. Shillong

b. Guwahati

c. Imphal

d. Patna

Answer: a

Explanation: The practice of roof top rainwater harvesting is extremely common in Shillong, India. This is due to the fact that the city experiences a high amount of rainfall each year. This rainfall can be harnessed and used to provide water for households and businesses in the city. There are a number of benefits to rainwater harvesting. Firstly, it helps to reduce the amount of water that is lost through evaporation. Secondly, it can help to recharge groundwater aquifers. This is especially important in areas where water availability is limited. Finally, rainwater harvesting can help to reduce the risk of flooding.


10. In India __________ contributes approximately 22 percent of the total electricity produced.

a. tidal power

b. nuclear power

c. thermal power

d. hydroelectric power

Answer: d

Explanation: Hydroelectric power is one of the most important sources of electricity in India. It contributes approximately 22 percent of the total electricity produced in the country. Hydroelectric power is renewable and clean, making it an important part of India’s effort to promote sustainable development.

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